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Week 7

5 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
R Rice

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Week 7 Lecture Notes 1112011 71000 AM Sustainable DevelopmentI Sustainable Development DefinedRachel Carson 1969 the Silent Spring insecticide DDT 1970s and 1980s a choice between environment and economic growth 1990s environment and growth 1987 Brundtland Commission reorienting economic activity and respecting environmental limitsy Sustainable Development Development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needsKey Features of Sustainable Development y Focuses on how to sustain a broad process of positive social and economic changey The idea of meeting the needs to legitimize the claims of the poor y Invokes the idea of environmental limits to growthCentral Criticism y Environmental Sides lets sustain the natural environment not development y Development Activists crude attempt to impose a Northern environmental agenda on the South II Views of Sustainable Development Mainstream View Sustainable development can be promoted by better resource management and by using market mechanisms y Natural capital environmental assets Policy Prescriptions y Promotions of efficient less polluting industry y Include the cost of pollution in product prices y Impose taxes on emissions waste y Emissions trading y Debt for nature equity swap y International agreements to reduce pollution levels
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