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March 29 Lecture - Rousseau (Sovereign and Government)

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Stefan Dolgert

POLB71 March 29, 2011 Jean-Jacques Rousseau Example of a Spartan mother 5 sons in battle, sees messenger and asks if they were victorious - Man tells her that her 5 sons are dead but she gets mad and says that wasnt her question - He says yes they won and she thanks the gods o This is an example of a true citizen first question is about preservation of the common good Example 2: Pedaretes goes to Spartan council and wants to lead Sparta - Council says they dont need him, he leaves the chamber and is ecstatic because it means that there are 300 people in Sparta better than him o The republic is so well off that they have more competent people o Ecstatic to know the republic is in such good hands thats a citizen Definitions StateSovereign: The same thing but viewed from two different angles they both mean all of the people together - The Sovereign is when people are acting as legislators, making decisions - People are the state when they are passive (subjects) o All people are both of these all of the citizens have a say but they must obey the laws that they were involved in creating o You are a rule-maker and a rule follower PrinceGovernment: Government is how we think of it now Rousseau means the government is only the executive branch a smaller body of the people who administer the rules decided by the Sovereign - They are not legislators, have no independent authority, only of the people who choosethem o Carry out tasks of the country - The Prince is the specific individuals who do the job of the government at any specific time (can be 1101000 people) the persons who are the actual governors (change over time) 3 Basic Kinds of Government : Democracy, Aristocracy, Monarchy - Refer only to the government the number of people who administer laws Democracy: All of the people are all of the officials everyone is both a legislator and executive (judge, officer, government job)
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