Class Notes (808,090)
Canada (493,058)
POLC91H3 (24)
R Rice (6)

POLC91 LEC 2-25.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
R Rice

I) The Breakdown of Populist Democracy: Characteristics of the Military Regimes of the 1960s and 70s: -blamed the poor state of their countries on politicians (anti-political) -military leader prioritized national security and were preoccupied with internal subversion. -employed systematic use of repression against civilians, including torture, assassinations and disappearances. Factors Leading to Democratic Breakdown: a) Breakdown of consensus among political elites. -idea: military would break the impasse, and allow for the return to functional civilian governance. b)Abuse of authority by incumbent governments. -radicalized opposition, providing a casus belli for military intervention c)Abuse of democratic processes by a disloyal opposition. d) polarization of social classes - as economic resources dwindle, greater divide between classes (I.e: workers against industrialist class). -lower profits led to lower wages, greater discontent among the workers -instilled fear within middle class, which sides with upper classes. e) Frustration with the pace of change through constitution procedures. -tied to increasing polarization. f) economic crisis -ISI reached limits wrt to the limited market available. g) International Context -United States - became much moer interventionist in the wake of the Cuban revolution to prevent the proliferation of leftist regimes. Ex) CIA- spent $40 million to undermine/prevent the rise of leftist gov’ts in Chile and Brazil. II Brazil: Setting the Trend President Getulio Vargas (1930-1945 - as a dictator, 1951-1954 (as duly elected leader)) -Championed ISI through Estado NOVO -Promoted workers rights, but was anticommunist. 1961 -Joao Goulart assumed the presidency with a more radical leftist brand of populism. -attempted land reform -made concessions to workers unions, worrying the upper classes. 1964 - Coup d’etat launched with the approval of the United States -Military coup led by General Humberto Castelo Branco 1968: Military hardliners took over and consolidated their rule with InstitutionalAct Number 5 -legitimized use of torture and curtailed political rights. -at the time, Washington’s second largest aid program went to Brazil. -1968-1974: 10% growth rate. III Chile: TheAllende Tragedy -Chile had elite democratic traditions. -Had one of the most stable, consolidated party systems in LatinAmerica, akin to Europe. Popular Front - Governing c
More Less

Related notes for POLC91H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.