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Lecture 17

PSYA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Edward Thorndike, Operant Conditioning

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Steve Joordens

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Classical VS Operant
Classical conditioning
CS predicts UCS
Builds on existing SR relations
Operant conditioning
Behaving in way X within context Y leads to a certain consequence
Do something, something happens and this changes the likelihood of what you do in
Can create complete new SR relations
Learning by consequence
Operant Conditioning
Operant: refers to the notion that humans learn from operating on their environment
We behave, then note the consequences and use them to modulate future behavior
Edward Thorndike -> one of the first to study operant conditioning
His research focused on learning by trial and accidental success
Formed the Law of Effect
Law of Effect: states that a behavior that is followed by a positive consequence will te
Similar to evolution theory
Behavior Analysis & B.F. Skinner
Skinner strongly championed the experimental study of the Law of Effect and he made str
application to human behavior -> Walden Two
Thought that the way we behave, is a result of how we have been reward or punishe
This determines our behavior, not our consciousness
Consciousness = telling ourselves stories
Invented a number of devises for studying operant conditioning
Operant chamber or "Skinner Box"
This device allows the experimenter to control a number of environmental stim
deliver both rewards (most typical) or punishment
Basic Skinner Box
Lecture 18 (Operant Condition: Learning by Consequence)
Sunday, October 27, 2019
2:29 PM

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