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Lecture 17

PSYA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Edward Thorndike, Operant Conditioning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Lecture
17

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Classical VS Operant
Classical conditioning
CS predicts UCS
a.
Builds on existing SR relations
b.
1)
Operant conditioning
Behaving in way X within context Y leads to a certain consequence
a.
Do something, something happens and this changes the likelihood of what you do in
b.
Can create complete new SR relations
c.
Learning by consequence
d.
2)
Operant Conditioning
Operant: refers to the notion that humans learn from operating on their environment
We behave, then note the consequences and use them to modulate future behavior
Edward Thorndike -> one of the first to study operant conditioning
His research focused on learning by trial and accidental success
Formed the Law of Effect
Law of Effect: states that a behavior that is followed by a positive consequence will te
Similar to evolution theory
§
Behavior Analysis & B.F. Skinner
Skinner strongly championed the experimental study of the Law of Effect and he made str
application to human behavior -> Walden Two
Thought that the way we behave, is a result of how we have been reward or punishe
§
This determines our behavior, not our consciousness
§
Consciousness = telling ourselves stories
Invented a number of devises for studying operant conditioning
Operant chamber or "Skinner Box"
This device allows the experimenter to control a number of environmental stim
deliver both rewards (most typical) or punishment
§
Basic Skinner Box
Lecture 18 (Operant Condition: Learning by Consequence)
Sunday, October 27, 2019
2:29 PM

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