Chapter 15: Social Psychology. Lecture 3&4 [mar7&mar9]

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Published on 12 Mar 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Chapter 15: Social Psychology
Lecture 3&4 (21&22)
March 7/2011
Bystander Apathy
oSituation where there is danger, people dont usually help people are
apathetic
oOthers act heroically
oIn 1960s, a woman (Genovese) walking home was followed and was stabbed
Many apartment buildings surrounded, with 38 witnesses, only half
an hour or more is it that one of them went to make a phone call to
call the police
Why are people apathetic?
oPeople draw their cues from other people
oThe decide what to do based on what others do
oNotion that someone else will do something
oPublic embarrassment is avoided
oPeople invent excuses to avoid helping
what it takes for help to occur:
1.Notice an event or situation that may require help
2.Bystander must interpret the event as one that requires help
3.Assume responsibility (and reasons why people do not help)
In the case of Genovese case, it is called diffusion of
responsibility: each person will say why meevery witness had
reasons to believe that there were other witnesses, but they could
not see if others were helping or calling the police
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i.Assuming that someone had already called the policefail
to take responsibility, has been diffused
ii. If you do not assume responsibility, you do not provide
assistance (#4)
Another type of responsibility is called pluralistic ignorance
(conformity): there are many people who want to get cues from
others, but all are equally ignorant
i.Uncertain about situation and how to react
ii.Look at others and see everyone else not knowing
iii.A norm emergesthe right thing to do is nothing (easier
option)
iv.People know that the right thing to do is help, but are
uncertain
Cost: selfish explanation that people have to stop their activities to
help others
i.The higher the cost, the less people are likely to help
ii.Cost could be danger, embarrassment, etc.
4.How to provide assistance (if not knowing how to react, might not react)
5.Reaction/helping
Self
oThe way we perceive how others perceive us
oEach one of us has self-esteem, dreams, goals, values, beliefs, etc. that
contribute to the self
oWhat role does memory play in the holding together of self?
Historical Anecdote: UofT is known for their expertise in studying
memory
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Document Summary

 bystander apathy: situation where there is danger, people don"t usually help  people are apathetic, others act heroically, in 1960s, a woman (genovese) walking home was followed and was stabbed.  many apartment buildings surrounded, with 38 witnesses, only half an hour or more is it that one of them went to make a phone call to call the police. If you do not assume responsibility, you do not provide assistance (#4)  cost: selfish explanation that people have to stop their activities to help others i. ii. The higher the cost, the less people are likely to help. Cost could be danger, embarrassment, etc: how to provide assistance (if not knowing how to react, might not react, reaction/helping.  historical anecdote: uoft is known for their expertise in studying memory www. notesolution. com.  endal tolving (sp?) studied a patient known as k. c. who had been in a bad motorcycle accident and experienced massive brain injury.