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Chapter 18: Treatments for Psychological Disorders -- lecture notes

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John Bassili

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Chapter 18: Treatments of Psychological Disorders
April 4/2011
Biological focus in approaching a psychological disorder (ex: chemical imbalance)
Medical approach: Implanting electrodes also helps with psychological disorders
Psychologists do not always agree that mental disorders are biological, but rather
Client-Therapist Relationship
oClient will seek the help of a psychotherapist and will engage in a
relationship with the professional
othe client is motivated to see a therapist to deal with the issue, rather than
keeping it to him/her self
othe therapist is skilled; approaches the problem in a skilled and professional
othe therapist is a caring individual and shows concern; will provide the best
knowledge to the client to help
orelationship of trust is built
otherapeutic alliance: relationship between the client and
therapistprovides a safe setting for dealing with problems, allows for
Psychodynamic Theory: Insight therapies to gain in site about ones self
regarding self-conflicts (from childhood), etc.
Sidmung Freudian approach: approach that believes that psychological problems
are adaptive
oBelieved that children who have been through sexual encounters
(psychosexual hang-ups), usually use mental energy throughout their life
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oPsychoanalysis: meeting with a client to try to explore and identify conflicts
that are using mental energy, and exposing them to then be able to solve
Couch: relaxing the individual and free associating (saying
whats on your mind)
The therapist is a skilled interpreter.
Dream interpretation: windows into the subconscious.
Dreams are a manifest content of the dreamtherapists are
interested in the latent content (actual meaning).
Resistance and defensivenessnot talking about something
that might be troubling to the client.
Transferencefeelings that the client has that are bothering
him/her may get transferred (through therapy) towards the
therapists; hostility, etc.
Video on psychodynamic therapy:
oBy asking general questions, the client rambles and exposes past and present
All therapies are helpful, but some are tend to be used to apply to particular
client-centered therapy
otherapist does not focus on the past; comes from a completely different
oFounded by Carl Rogersmain problem is that people need to feel good about
themselves, and usually start getting depressed when self-esteem decreases.
oEmphasis in the therapy is to foster warmth and worthy of themselves
oFew suggestions and conclusions are given to the client
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