try to read b. w the lines: unfortunately women and white, when they are only looking for men. These values are often in conflict: policy values, affirmative action promotes equality for minorities or violates the merit principle, banning hate literature towards minorities promotes respect for minorities or undermines freedom of expression. Illegal to publish hate literature: allowing sikhs in the rcmp to wear turbans respect for religious rights or undermines traditional canadian symbols. forbid students in french public schools from wearing showy religious symbols. B/c france = secular country that wants to separate state from religion. targeting hijab of muslim girls in public schools. separation of church and state: critics of the law argue that the law violates: how fair are we being when we judge people. what is wrong with it- illegal in some contexts. proves 79% percent shows a preference for white.