Guardians of particular culture – take on parents teachings without question
Tend to be traditional, diligent, and proper and tend to have authoritarian ideologies.
People who have neither engaged in exploratory process or made any commitments
Answers to interview questions were quite superficial
Identity is followed by challenge of intimacy – we will face intimacy issues whether
we’ve solved identity crisis or not. Intimacy is primary preoccupation in one’s 20’s.
Strength one is trying to achieve through this developmental stage is virtue of love. One
can fail in excess and deficiency – excess is promiscuity and deficiency is exclusion. Goal
is to acquire capacity to connect with other people without airing on the side of being too
isolating or too open.
Erikson had very broad and inclusive definition to term intimacy. We often think of
romantic or sexual but Erikson meant broadest use of term – opening up to anything
outside of ego.
In the same way that Marcia developed interview in which to classify identity statuses,
Orlosky developed similar scoring system for semi-structured interview by which to
determine people’s intimacy status. Distinguished four following classifications –
Intimate – capable of having close friendships and committed love relationships and
capacity to express appropriate anger and affectionate feelings in context of those
Preintimate – see the first of what will become several failures in respect to intimacy –
have close relationships but romantic life is somewhat more superficial along with those
superficial relationships comes ambivalent feelings toward commitment.
Stereotyped – cross-situational pattern of superficiality – all relationships lack depth and
Isolate – reflects essentially failure to confront challenge of this stage. Individuals in
interview would report having little in way of social contact, accompanying feelings of
social anxiety, isolation and withdrawal.
To what extent is success at one stage relevant to one’s success at later stages? And does
successfully resolving one particular stage equip you to go onto the next stage with
greater likelihood of success? Some forms of evidence to suggest that those who resolve
identity issues tend to move on to achieve intimacy to a greater extent.
The less likely one is to have made ideological and vocational commitments the more one
is likely to fall into the less mature or sophisticated intimacy classifications. Some