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Lecture 16

Lecture 16

5 Pages
126 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Lecture
16

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Lecture 16
Last class
There is significant difference between Erikson approach and Freudian approach to
human development. Failure to successfully face challenge of given life stage within
Freuds framework made you unable to enter the next stage, it is possible to manage one
stage so poorly that you cannot successfully move on to the next stage. The Erickson
model is different; expectation is that you will move on to subsequent changes whether
you have succeeded for failed. In Ericksons model, society confronts us with these
challenges, whereas Freudians psychosexual stages you cannot move on.
Two developmental processes thought to underlie achievement of ones identity –
exploration and commitment.
Identity status classifications -
Achievement
Moratorium
Foreclosure
Diffusion
Achievement – have made well-defined commitments, and have explored their
alternatives.
More academically inclined
Do better in university
These individuals are not rebellious but they are also not conforming because they engage
in executive process of exploring
Moratorium (searchers) –
Unsure of what religion means to them/what political beliefs are
Signs that person is taking on challenge of identity in good faith, but have yet to make
commitments that would distinguish them from identity achievement.
These individuals tend to be anxious, friendly, likeable, sensitive and insightful
Foreclosure
Made ideological and vocational commitments without engaging in exploratory
behaviour
Tend to follow parents plans for them and not their own
www.notesolution.com
Guardians of particular culture – take on parents teachings without question
Tend to be traditional, diligent, and proper and tend to have authoritarian ideologies.
Diffusion (Drifters)
People who have neither engaged in exploratory process or made any commitments
Answers to interview questions were quite superficial
Identity is followed by challenge of intimacy – we will face intimacy issues whether
weve solved identity crisis or not. Intimacy is primary preoccupation in ones 20’s.
Strength one is trying to achieve through this developmental stage is virtue of love. One
can fail in excess and deficiency – excess is promiscuity and deficiency is exclusion. Goal
is to acquire capacity to connect with other people without airing on the side of being too
isolating or too open.
Erikson had very broad and inclusive definition to term intimacy. We often think of
romantic or sexual but Erikson meant broadest use of term – opening up to anything
outside of ego.
In the same way that Marcia developed interview in which to classify identity statuses,
Orlosky developed similar scoring system for semi-structured interview by which to
determine peoples intimacy status. Distinguished four following classifications
Intimate – capable of having close friendships and committed love relationships and
capacity to express appropriate anger and affectionate feelings in context of those
relationships.
Preintimate – see the first of what will become several failures in respect to intimacy –
have close relationships but romantic life is somewhat more superficial along with those
superficial relationships comes ambivalent feelings toward commitment.
Stereotyped – cross-situational pattern of superficiality – all relationships lack depth and
commitment.
Isolate – reflects essentially failure to confront challenge of this stage. Individuals in
interview would report having little in way of social contact, accompanying feelings of
social anxiety, isolation and withdrawal.
To what extent is success at one stage relevant to ones success at later stages? And does
successfully resolving one particular stage equip you to go onto the next stage with
greater likelihood of success? Some forms of evidence to suggest that those who resolve
identity issues tend to move on to achieve intimacy to a greater extent.
The less likely one is to have made ideological and vocational commitments the more one
is likely to fall into the less mature or sophisticated intimacy classifications. Some
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 16 Last class There is significant difference between Erikson approach and Freudian approach to human development. Failure to successfully face challenge of given life stage within Freuds framework made you unable to enter the next stage, it is possible to manage one stage so poorly that you cannot successfully move on to the next stage. The Erickson model is different; expectation is that you will move on to subsequent changes whether you have succeeded for failed. In Ericksons model, society confronts us with these challenges, whereas Freudians psychosexual stages you cannot move on. Two developmental processes thought to underlie achievement of ones identity exploration and commitment. Identity status classifications - Achievement Moratorium Foreclosure Diffusion Achievement have made well-defined commitments, and have explored their alternatives. More academically inclined Do better in university These individuals are not rebellious but they are also not conforming because they engage in executive process of exploring Moratorium (searchers) Unsure of what religion means to themwhat political beliefs are Signs that person is taking on challenge of identity in good faith, but have yet to make commitments that would distinguish them from identity achievement. These individuals tend to be anxious, friendly, likeable, sensitive and insightful Foreclosure Made ideological and vocational commitments without engaging in exploratory behaviour Tend to follow parents plans for them and not their own www.notesolution.com
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