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PSYB30H3 (500)
Lecture 6

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: 18 Months, Weaning, Falsifiability


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Lisa Fiksenbaum
Lecture
6

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Psychoanalytic approaches to personality
Freud
- Case study
- Founder of psychoanalysis
- Free association client’s express themselves without interruptions
- Energy systems
Freud’s assumptions
- Development is driven by biology
- Early experiences engender adult personality
- Early social life is important
- Pleasure is sexual from the get go
Key assumptions
- Emphasizes the dominant role of the unconscious processes in human experiences and
behaviour
- Stresses the importance of human sexuality
- Emphasizes the significance of early childhood experiences in the individual’s life
- Psychoanalysis is a type of treatment interaction between a professional therapist and a client
Freud saw it as a scientific method and reliable theory
Basic instincts: sex and aggression
- Instincts strong innate forces that provide all the energy in the psychic system
- Freud’s original theory of instincts was influenced by Darwin’s evolution theory
- In initial formulation, two instinct classes: self-preservation & sexual instincts
- In later formulations, collapsed them into one, called it life-instinct (libido) and added death
instinct (Thanatos)
o First said that they opposed each other but later argued that they could combine in
various ways
o Think about eating example
Unconscious motivation sometimes we don’t know why we do what we do
- Human mind consists of three parts
o Conscious contains thoughts, feelings, and images about which you are presently
aware
o Preconscious contains info you are not presently thinking about, but can be easily
retrieved and made conscious
o Unconscious largest part of human mind
Jungian theory Carl Jung analytic psych
- Personal unconscious reservoir of personal information and memories that was once
conscious, but has been forgotten or suppressed and is unique to the individual
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