PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Filial Piety, Psychological Types, Carl Jung

28 views4 pages
Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Lecture 3: Traits Part II
The Big Five +
Honesty-Humility
Some think that this should be its own category/trait
But others think that it is just part of the introverted component of agreeableness
to see if these other traits are to be considered in addition to the big 5… depends on empirical evidence:
what types of questions we ask, how we analyze it and what we find etc
Intelligence
People against this they say that Conceptually it's like openness
If we add intelligence with other traits in factor analysis it Loads on conscientiousness
Where it falls depends on how we define it
Lots of ways to define intelligence not everyone agrees
Curious and logical vs behaviourally being good at problem solving
This will determine if it will line up with Openness or conscientiousness
Spiritual transcendence / religiosity
May be separate from Big 5
Sexuality
Attractiveness, sexual exclusivity, sexual restraint, sexual orientation etc
Overlap w/ Big 5
Is the Five Factor Model (FFM) Universal and independent of learning?
Invariant of culture
Artifact of development with WEIRD participants most are undergrad students
Defined as Western, educated, industrialized, rich, democratic
Derived in English using lexical approach
Words in a language that describe a personality these words are used as a starting point
Assumes other languages will have words for same ideas
Validated in over 50 countries
Indigenous measures get similar results except:
Indigenous approach: when you start with the new language afresh find all the words that are traits in that
language and then run factor analysis and find the main ones
Extraversion, agreeableness not always distinct
These things may not be important or … that they may be viewed differently within the culture
Concept of Openness varies
Defined differently in different cultures
Unique traits (ex. filial piety in China)?
More than 5 traits needed in some cultures
This is still an open question whether the big 5 are universal
Reliability of FFM lower in less developed countries
Potential reasons:
Translations
Item relevance if the society/culture does not do this … or it is not important for them so then when we ask them
these questions … they would not be able to answer so well
Familiarity with test format
Representative samples
FFM in Tsimane culture
(Gerven, von Rueden, Massenkoff, Kaplan, & Lero Vie, 2012)
Used translated version of FFM
Factor analysis showed 2 factors
Combo off Extraversion and Agreeableness (prosociality?)
Industriousness
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Document Summary

Some think that this should be its own category/trait. But others think that it is just part of the introverted component of agreeableness. To see if these other traits are to be considered in addition to the big 5 depends on empirical evidence: what types of questions we ask, how we analyze it and what we find etc. People against this they say that conceptually it"s like openness. Where it falls depends on how we define it. If we add intelligence with other traits in factor analysis it loads on conscientiousness. Lots of ways to define intelligence not everyone agrees. Curious and logical vs behaviourally being good at problem solving. This will determine if it will line up with openness or conscientiousness. Attractiveness, sexual exclusivity, sexual restraint, sexual orientation etc. Artifact of development with weird participants most are undergrad students. Defined as western, educated, industrialized, rich, democratic.

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