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Lecture 15

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Libido, Maladaptation, Impulsivity


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Lecture
15

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PSYB30PERSONALITYProf. Marc A. Fournier
Lecture 15- March 14, 2011
Part I. Erik Homburger Erikson
Part II. Identity & Intimacy
Part III. Generativity
Overview of Part I
Erik Homburger Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development
STAGES
TASKS / ISSUES
VIRTUES / STRENGTHS
Erik Homburger & Erik Erikson
The Outsider: He was born to a Jew and a Protestant, thus was
accepted by neither community
The Wandering Artist: Began to travel throughout Europe as a
gypsy artist
The Psychoanalyst: At Vienna at 25, he taught with Frued and his
daughter Anna; he was trained to become a Psycholoanalyst;
Anna Frued was his therapist
The American: He left Vienna and went to the US; he taught at
Yale and Harvard and adopted a new name-> Eric Erickson
Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts
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The Epigenetic Principle: There is a predetermined sequence of
stages that everyone has to pass through as part of their
development
Favorable Balance:
Optimal Time: it is crucial that we undertake each
challenge at the right time; development cannot be stalled and it
cannot be hurried
Virtue: a psychosocial strength that comes from having
adequately addressed a psychosocial challenge
-It must strike a balance between two tensions, ex. Trust vs
mistrust
The strength is to be found between those two outcomes (trust
and mustrust); one can fail in ones developmental challenges
either by resolving the conflict too much one way or the other;
leading to excess (maladaptation) or deficiency (malignancy)
The goal was to fall in the middle; to have the perfect
balance -> this is called the Epigenetic Principle
Triple Bookkeeping: individuals life must be understood on three
complementary levels of analysis
Body: various sexual and libidinal urges
The Ego: the individuals conscious understanding of the
world
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Family / Society: challenges in the historical, societal and
cultural context
Stage I
Infancy (0-1 yrs)
Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust
Sensory distortion: becoming extremely trusting and gullible of
Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion
Malignancy: Withdrawal-> paranoia, depression, suspicion
Virtue: Hope-> the belief that things will work out in the end
Stage II
Toddlerhood (2-3 years)
Issue: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
When toilet training is occurring; a chance for mastery
experiences; opportunities for failure and embarrassing
experiences at the same time
Maladaptation: Impulsivity-> shameless wilfulness; the
unmitigagted autonomy of a 2-3 year old
Malignancy: Compulsion-> self-doubting and perfectionist
Virtue: Will->the capacity to be determined about ones own
efficacy and competence
Stage III
Preschool Childhood (3-6 yrs)
Issue: Initiative vs. Guilt
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