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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Week 9-lec 15

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Personality Week 9 ( LEC 15)
Eric Eriksons theory of psycosocial development: (advanced , reformfrom Frueds)
-he sought to reformulized Freuds theory to discuss the life long stages of social
development
-he extentds it beyong childhood, showing we grown and learn/development throught life,
each stage has an issue and when we confront these stages we get a virtue out of it
-Erikson was born from Jewish and protestant family; rejected by both sides and therefore
stage when he was the outsider lived like a Gypsy in Europe and takes a job in Vienna
(psycoanaylisis school, Freuds daughter ) he took teaching JOB TO TAKE CARE OF
patients kids and analysist kids, chose to become analyst and trained, and had to go
through psychotherapy (Anna Freud was his analyst) went to US taught at yale, Harvard.
-named himself as Erikson son of Eric. He produced his own identity
-key ideas in Erickson theory:
1. The Epigenetic Principle: idea that personality unfolds in a predetermined sequence
of stages that everyone must pass through in development and each stag confronts us with
developmental task/issue. We do not need to succeed or resolve it. For each task there is an
optimal time to undertake this task, and we will be affected if we confront it too soon. After
we resove it we develop a psychosocial strenghth called VIRTUE. By completing this
psychosocial task, we settle (balance)a tension between, these tasks have competing
outcomes (trust vs mistrust) The virtue is foumd between the two. You can fail by have this
in (excess)MALADAPTIVE or (deficiency) MALIGNANCY. The goal is to fall in between
these outcomes to get virtue.
2. Triple Bookkeeping: Individuals life must be understood on 3 levels/characteristics Level
1: the body sexual and libidinal urges Level 2: the individuals (EGO)consoucs
understanding of the world. 3. Family and society must be understood in analyzing the
individual
Erikson had life stages where as Freudian finished at 6. First STAGES:
INFANCY 0-1 Primary stage in life: Trust vs Mistrust. Mothers relation to the child.
Questions concerned here are will I be feed when hungry, care, attention, nurtue. Will I be
able to trust those close to me. Virtue accuired here will be HOPE (ability to believe it will
work/get better in the end) this helps the child deal with adversities in throughout life.
Maladaptation: SENSORY DISTORTION (to be guliable, trust everyone)
Malignancy: WITHDRAWL (too mistrusting; paranoya, depression)
2nd Stage: Toodler 2-3: Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
Toilet training, opportunities of self mastery, the have locomotion(walk), acquire language,
exploring environment. Also opporunites for embarrassment and failure. MALADAPTIVE:
www.notesolution.com
impusivity; shamless willfulness. MALIGNANT: compulsion, self- doubting and
perfectionist. Virtue in middle to obtain: WILL (capacity to be determined, self-efficacy,
self-competent, capable of creating change in enviro)
3rd Stage:Preschool Preschool Childhood (3-6 yrs)
Issue: Initiative vs. Guilt .Child is assuming more responsibility for autonomy, sense of
purpose and power. Maladaptation: Ruthlessness (unmitigated initative, pursit of goals
without thinking of others) Malignancy: Inhibition (better safe then sorry, no tisks, do not
strive) Virtue: Purpose(direction to capacity for action)
School-Age Childhood (7-12 yrs)
Issue: Industry vs. Inferiority (systematic instruction out of family, continuing education)
Essential to equipping child with how to use tools, and the roles to adopt in late life.
Maladaptation: Narrow Virtuosity( to much industry) ie. Child prodigies, exceptional
capacity at such a young age does not allow them to be children, they are performing for
standards and expectations. Malignancy: Inertia (sense of inferiority)Virtue: Competence
Adolescence (13-18 yrs)- most attention from erikson
Issue: Identity vs. Role Confusion (at this point most cog. Capacitys are evident. They can
think and ask questions, capable of asking what if thinks are not simple excepted. They
can imagine past and presents . Begin to ask who am I, who will I become, where will I fit
in society (job, ideology, religious bviews, political views) Maladaptation: Fanaticism
(intolerance, being rigid in the way you see yourself and not be open to any different view of
others. Malignancy: Repudiation (refusing the challenged of identity. )Virtue: Fidelity
(loyality; the capacity to live and be trustful to societys standards despite it inperfections
and inconsitancies, Society is not perfect but you maintain standards & rules
Young Adulthood (the 20s)
Issue: Intimacy(capacity to let others in, romantic, friendship, sexual) vs. Isolation
Maladaptation: Promiscuity (not just sexual , but also to become intamit to early, easilyand
to superficial , wrong people) Malignancy: Exclusion(pulling away, isolating from love and
community.Virtue: Love (capacity to put aside differences)
Mature Adulthood (the 30s-50s); spouse, home DONE
Issue: Generativity vs. Stagnation(what will I leave behind, acquire concern for next/future
generation to leave behind in memory of me, can take many forms and gifts, sometime as
leaving children by raising children apart of society.Bill Gates) Maladaptation:
Overextension(concern for future at expense of concern for present ie,Bill Gates helping
millions but what about his children. Malignancy: Rejectivity (failure ti be generative or
leav behind a gift )Virtue: Care (capacity to extend love into the future)
Old Age (the 60s and beyond)-this may not be final stage because Erikson could not have
imagined people living so long, and new issues there faced with
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Description
Personality Week 9 ( LEC 15) Eric Eriksons theory of psycosocial development: (advanced , reformfrom Frueds) -he sought to reformulized Freuds theory to discuss the life long stages of social development -he extentds it beyong childhood, showing we grown and learndevelopment throught life, each stage has an issue and when we confront these stages we get a virtue out of it -Erikson was born from Jewish and protestant family; rejected by both sides and therefore stage when he was the outsider lived like a Gypsy in Europe and takes a job in Vienna (psycoanaylisis school, Freuds daughter ) he took teaching JOB TO TAKE CARE OF patients kids and analysist kids, chose to become analyst and trained, and had to go through psychotherapy (Anna Freud was his analyst) went to US taught at yale, Harvard. -named himself as Erikson son of Eric. He produced his own identity -key ideas in Erickson theory: 1. The Epigenetic Principle: idea that personality unfolds in a predetermined sequence of stages that everyone must pass through in development and each stag confronts us with developmental taskissue. We do not need to succeed or resolve it. For each task there is an optimal time to undertake this task, and we will be affected if we confront it too soon. After we resove it we develop a psychosocial strenghth called VIRTUE. By completing this psychosocial task, we settle (balance)a tension between, these tasks have competing outcomes (trust vs mistrust) The virtue is foumd between the two. You can fail by have this in (excess)MALADAPTIVE or (deficiency) MALIGNANCY. The goal is to fall in between these outcomes to get virtue. 2. Triple Bookkeeping: Individuals life must be understood on 3 levelscharacteristics Level 1: the body sexual and libidinal urges Level 2: the individuals (EGO)consoucs understanding of the world. 3. Family and society must be understood in analyzing the individual Erikson had life stages where as Freudian finished at 6. First STAGES: INFANCY 0-1 Primary stage in life: Trust vs Mistrust. Mothers relation to the child. Questions concerned here are will I be feed when hungry, care, attention, nurtue. Will I be able to trust those close to me. Virtue accuired here will be HOPE (ability to believe it will workget better in the end) this helps the child deal with adversities in throughout life. Maladaptation: SENSORY DISTORTION (to be guliable, trust everyone) Malignancy: WITHDRAWL (too mistrusting; paranoya, depression) 2ndStage: Toodler 2-3: Autonomy vs Shame & doubt Toilet training, opportunities of self mastery, the have locomotion(walk), acquire language, exploring environment. Also opporunites for embarrassment and failure. MALADAPTIVE: www.notesolution.com
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