Lecture 3 Notes

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Published on 14 May 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
PSYB32H3
-There is nothing statistical about DSM
-It is used as a method of communication to convey messages of disorders
-The introduction of DSM3, did not show any sort of credibility; thus all the versions before
were no more than just diagnostic categories
-DCM 3 established diagnostic guidelines
-Thus it outlined how many certain symptoms were required, and what hallmarks
symptoms the person may have required to deal with
-This gave the factor of improvement in the reliability of diagnosis in terms of
interrator reliability
-Basically a patient in front of 3 different collisions before DSM3, and we would have
3 different diagnostics
-The interrator reliability is how reliable the diagnostic decision making is, how
much agreement the patient is in.
-The latest version is the DSM4
-If one says they have a major depressive disorder, it comes with a host or constellations
which compile to make up the disorder
-The substance abuse may have to be in a certain degree to cause an impact
-DSM also provides exclusion criteria
-IF there are behaviors which are expectable and culturally sanctioned, its not considered
worthy of the DSM diagnosis
-If someone loses a loved one and is really depressed
-Homosexuality, the DSM recognizes that it is not an abnormal behavior
-Hunger strikes and such, would be abnormal behavior, yet obviously are not something
that would warrant the DSM diagnosis
-DSM is compiled into 5 dimensions of classification system
-Axis 1; typically the mood disorders; eating disorders etc…
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-Axis 2; personality disorder
-Axis 3; medical conditions which are impacting on axis 1 or 2, or vice versa
-Medical conditions: Strokes, hypertensions (regulation of blood pressure) and
its contribution to anxiety, tumors
-Axis 4; psychosocial- infidelity, abuse, marriage turmoil, homelessness or poverty
-Axis 5; level of functioning, global assessment of functioning scale (GAF Scale);
complicated way to assign a number to the functioning of a patient
**Comorbididity
-Conduct disorder
-Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence
-The substance impacts on the ability of the patient in their living ability
-The most crippling disorders: schizophrenia
-Mood disorders are:
-Major depressive disorder
-Mania
-Bipolar Disorder
-For example: patients are typically very very active individuals
-Hyper and hypomania, is a disorder that many successful people actually have
-Anxiety disorders:
-Phobia
-Panic Disorder
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Document Summary

It is used as a method of communication to convey messages of disorders. The introduction of dsm3, did not show any sort of credibility; thus all the versions before were no more than just diagnostic categories. Thus it outlined how many certain symptoms were required, and what hallmarks symptoms the person may have required to deal with. This gave the factor of improvement in the reliability of diagnosis in terms of interrator reliability. Basically a patient in front of 3 different collisions before dsm3, and we would have. The interrator reliability is how reliable the diagnostic decision making is, how much agreement the patient is in. If one says they have a major depressive disorder, it comes with a host or constellations which compile to make up the disorder. The substance abuse may have to be in a certain degree to cause an impact.