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LEC01: Definitional and Historical Considerations

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Konstantine Zakzanis

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PSYB32 LEC01 September 12, 2011
Definitional and Historical Considerations
- Statistical Infrequency: Assertion that a person is normal, it would
imply that he or she does not deviate much from the average on a
particular trait or behaviour
The Case of the “Men’s Room”
- Here is the case study: Nick is a homosexual man who when he goes
to the restroom and finds an attractive person, he then takes the feces
or urine and then orgasms to it
- there are other ways to find out what is abnormal or normal, but we
will use this one for now
What is Abnormal Behaviour?
- Violation of norms does this behaviour violate social norms or
threaten or make anxious those observing it?
- Personal distress is the behaviour abnormal if it causes personal
distress, does it cause nick distress?
- Disability or dysfunction (an example of disability is when one
goes home drinks a bottle of vodka and an MDMA pill ! doesn’t show
up to work the next day or not going to school, not engaging in daily
- element of Unexpectedness an example: kleptomania (compulsive
stealing) Wynonna Rider a famous actress who choose to steal when
clearly she has money for it, it is then “unexpected” that she would
History of Psychopathology
Demonology, Exorcism, Trepanning
- a lot of Demonology happened because the churches were very
important at the time
- they used Exorcism to get rid of the “abnormalities”, it was very
cruel at times because what their goal was to make the person “suffer”
so that the demon would want to leave and escape the painful body
that they possessed
- trepanning is another way like Exorcism, needing to get rid of the
demon, this act was done by opening a hole in a persons head, so that
there would be so much pain the demon would once again leave the
Hippocrates known as the Father of Medicine, he was the first to
advance the SomatoGenesis Hypothisis: the notion that there is
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