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Lecture 6

PSYB32H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Binge Eating Disorder, Binge Eating, Sodium Hydride


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Lecture
6

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Eating Disorders (Candice)
National Eating Disorder information Center (NEDIC)
- non profit
- provide info ab eating disorders, disordered eating, food and weight
preoccupation
- run prevention and awareness campaigns internationally
Myths and misconception
- think its a choice → NOPE
- people who are normal or overweight cannot have eating disorder → binge
eating, bulimia !
- anorexia is the only life threatening → NAH → what about bulimia?
- only women are affected → nope males too
- only occur in adolescent females and its just a phase → NOPE not a phase
- it’s only about food → NAH → psychological, family
- people with eating disorders are cured after treatment → not true
STATS
- highest mortality rate!!!
- 10% of anorexia died in 10 years of onset
- more than 50% of women rather be hit by a truck than be fat
Anorexia
Bulimia
Binge
Female
1%
1.5%
3.5%
Male
0.3%
0.5%
2%

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What does it look like?
- normal people!
What is an eating disorder?
extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors surrounding weight and food
issues
can affect → emotionally, socially, psychologically and physically
life threatening!
are severe mental illness → comorbidity with depression, substance abuse
**when middle behaviours are more onset → more likely to go to the end of
spectrum
Other types of eating disorder included in DSM-5 (less common )
Avoidant/ Restrictive Food intake disorder
Ruminant disorder
pica
other specified feeding or eating disorder
unspecified feeding or eating disorder
Anorexia
- restriction of food intake
- low body weight
- fear of getting fat
- disturbance in perceiving own shape
- SUBTYPES
- in the last 3 months….
- binge-eating/purging tpe
- restrictive type (not binge-eating)
Bulimia
- recurrent episodes of binge eating
- consumption of a unusually large amount of food within a short period
of time
- feeling out of control over what and how much is eating
- inappropriate compensatory behaviour to prevent weight gain
- once a week for 3 months
- self-evaluation unduly influenced by body shape/weight
-

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binge eating disorder
- recurrent episodes of binge eating
- 3 or more of the following
- more rapid than normal
- full until uncomfortable
- eating when not physically hungry
- eating alone due to embarrassment
- guilts, disgust or depression
- NO COMPENSATORY BEHAVIOUR
- distress regarding binge eating
- once a week for 3 months
avoidant/ Restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID)
symptoms can manifest as early as infancy
more often in childhood
when kids avoid foods of certain texture or color
they have been very sick → scared of eating
it’s the disturbance manifested by persistent failure to meet appropriate
nutritional energy needs
need to meet 1 (or more) of the following
significant weight loss
significant nutritional deficiency
dependency on intestinal feeding
interference with psychosocial functioning
not better explained by lack of available food
no disturbance in body shape or weight
not attributable to concurrent medical condition or mental disorder
Rumination disorder
- repeated regurgitation of food over a period of at least 1 month
- spit out, re chew or re swallow
- not attributable to medical condition
- not exclusively occur with an eating disorder
Pica
- persistent eating of nonnutritive, nonfood substances over a period of 1 month
- e.g. nailpolish?
- inappropriate for individual’s developmental level
- not part of a culturally normative thing
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