PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Gay Bar, Julius Evola, Trait Theory

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
PSYC12H3S Lecture 6
Experiencing Prejudice I
What’s it like to be a target?
-Video: A girl looking at dolls.
-This video is mirrored with Keith Clarke and his wife scientific view of showing that there is this
difference of black and white dolls on children. They categorize bad and good dolls on the basis of color.
-Evidence to try to understand the victim of prejudice judgment.
Change of Perspective
-A picture of Matthew Sheppard, he was young gay man. He was found tied to a gate. What happened is
he went to a gay bar and two men went to the bar also acting like they r gay. These men wanted to make
problems. They met Matthew and they brought him to their house with his permission. They then beat
him up and smashed his head with the back of a pistol and tied him up to the fence. These men did all this
intentionally and motivated by hate. Because of this incident they changed the law.
The Laramie Project: Is a play based on the story of Matthew Sheppard. The reason we r talking about
this story is bc we already looked at the perception of the perceiver and not the target’s view point of
things.
Let’s look at the target’s point of view
Up until now, discussed perceiver’s point of view
How do stereotypes emerge?
How are stereotyped maintained?
Who is most likely to be prejudiced?
How has prejudice changed over time?
What are the effects of prejudice?
How do people cope with it?
“The lion’s story will never be told as long as the hunter is telling the story”
Stigma
Stigma:
Possession of a trait/characteristic that is devalued by society
Stigmatized have “spoiled identity”
Are discriminated against
Types of stigma (Goffman, 1963):
(a) Abominations of body
(b) Blemishes of character
(c) Tribal markers
-Goffman wrote about a book called stigma. Stigma can be a spoiled identity in a sense that they r
somehow degraded, ppl discriminate ppl who got these characteristics.
-Abomination of body: Obesity or ppl that look different example mouth deformity. A lot of sweaty
armpits and the person can feel embarrassing bc ppl noticeable.
-Blemishes of character: Dementia, mental illness, bulimia or any kind of personality trait.
-Tribal markers: Any marker of Religion, age, race, gender..etc. Set u off as being from one tribe.
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-Are males the new targets? There is an article male complaining about discrimination made towards
them. The men r reacting to subliminal action (ppl placed in a category). Some men want to work in a
“female” job and they end up getting discriminated bc of what they want.
A Model of Stigma Reactions
Major & O’Brien, 2005
Collective Representations: culture, meta-stereotype
Situational Cues: Cues communicating stigma relevance
Personal: Individual differences in perception & appraisal
Threat Appraisal: Is Stigma relevant? Am I threatened?
Involuntary responses: anxiety, disruption, vigilance
Voluntary responses: Coping with threat, blaming discrimination, limit social comparisons,
disidentification
Outcomes: Self-esteem, performance, health
-This model is stretching out the psychology of what is like to belong to a stigmatized group.
-In the Figure 1: A,B,C moderate whether someone is making identity, threat and appraisal. Ppl saying
that they r being discriminated. Collective representation: culture placement of who u r and where u r in
the world, example living in Jamaica and u r black the stereotype about ur group can be different from an
African black person who lives in Africa.. Situational cues: what is the immediate cues around u, that
make u, r u the way u r bc of ur environment. Personal characteristics: what is the person is like that is
being discriminated example is she or he have low self-esteem. When u r threatened; U either go in one of
these directions: D,F: Non-volitional responses: Like a stress response, hearts being faster and
psychological questioning. Volitional responses: Coding with the situation, u have the ability to control
one’s own mind. Then u have outcomes can be anything based on ur stress and code response to that
stress response.
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Document Summary

This video is mirrored with keith clarke and his wife scientific view of showing that there is this difference of black and white dolls on children. They categorize bad and good dolls on the basis of color. Evidence to try to understand the victim of prejudice judgment. A picture of matthew sheppard, he was young gay man. What happened is he went to a gay bar and two men went to the bar also acting like they r gay. They met matthew and they brought him to their house with his permission. They then beat him up and smashed his head with the back of a pistol and tied him up to the fence. These men did all this intentionally and motivated by hate. Because of this incident they changed the law. The laramie project: is a play based on the story of matthew sheppard.

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