PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Meta-Analysis, White Noise, Stroop Effect

11 views3 pages
Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
LECTURE 8 STEREOTYPE THREAT 2
- Stereotype threat may help us understand group diff in tests. Some people are anxious in
confronting their negative stereotypes and that influences their performance
Stereotype threat and performance
- What kind of situations LEAD to stereotype threat
- Inzlicht & Ben-Zeev 2000: What types of situation evoke ST?
o Prospect of being outnumbered in a situation. So the relative representation of your
group can make a difference. If the situation of you being a minority is relevant to
the situation, then maybe you will be influenced by it
o But if you do not know of that stereotype, ST will not affect you
o Method: students take test in groups of three where male vs. female. Group 1
Minority (2 M vs. 1 F). Group 2 same sex group (3 F). Group 3 majority (1 M vs. 2F)
o Result: females in minority situations performed at less than 50% of their potential
performance (in same sex situations). Males performance in minority is only a bit lower
than in same sex situations
- Stones et al. 1999: stereotype that whites have less athletic ability than blacks.
o Method: black vs. white, to task measures natural ability (though did not say whether
whites are better or not) vs. control situation
o DV: number of strokes in mini golf
o Result: whites had more strokes over all (performed worse) than blacks did, especially
in natural ability situation. Blacks’ performance did not really differ in either situation
- Yeung & von Hippel 2008: female driving ability
o Females reminded of stereotype ―trying to see why women are perceived as worse driver‖
o In threat situation they did about than 40% worse
- Gays: experimenters looked at non-verbal behavior that exist between men and children.
When stereotype activated, gay men less warm and more reserved and disfluency in speech
- Poor people: answer question about SES before or after test. If answered before then is
primed. Result: reminder of poverty can influence IQ performance
How do stereotypes threaten?
- Proximal mechanism: ST temporarily impairs working memory
- Working memory: holds and manipulates information; depends on controlled attention and
mental effort. The ability to stay focused and inhibit unwanted thoughts
- Schmader & Johns 2003
o Hypothesis: ST lowers test performance because it reduces working memory capacity
o Method: females took math test, stereotype activated vs. non activated situation.
o DV: recall of words in WM task (many diff ones), and math test performance
WM task: dual processing task show word list, ask to recall words after in order
o Results proved hypothesis
- How stereotypes threaten
o Acute stress response: confirming negative stereotype is unnerving
o Monitoring: vigilance to cues in environment, internal states, and performance
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Stereotype threat may help us understand group diff in tests. Some people are anxious in confronting their negative stereotypes and that influences their performance. What kind of situations lead to stereotype threat. Inzlicht & ben-zeev 2000: what types of situation evoke st: prospect of being outnumbered in a situation. So the relative representation of your group can make a difference. Group 2 same sex group (3 f). Group 3 majority (1 m vs. 2f: result: females in minority situations performed at less than 50% of their potential performance (in same sex situations). Males performance in minority is only a bit lower than in same sex situations. Blacks" performance did not really differ in either situation. Yeung & von hippel 2008: female driving ability: females reminded of stereotype trying to see why women are perceived as worse driver , in threat situation they did about than 40% worse. Gays: experimenters looked at non-verbal behavior that exist between men and children.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.