PSYC14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Ethnocentrism

196 views10 pages
Published on 5 Mar 2017
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC14H3
Professor
Morality and Emotion
Edward Hall
o Expert on dog living in the wild for 2 years but people want to protect it and provide it a
happy home
Speaks to the nature of human being superior and we providing benefits to others
Idea that we need to come in and save the dog
A lot of money being spent on a dog
Ethnocentricity--we know what a happy home looks like, not the dog
The moral dilemma is how to provide for the dog. Do we know what the dog wants?
Why do we care so much of what the dog wants?
What if the dog cant be with the family. Will be euthanized.
What's inhumane about the is that you are deciding on behalf of the dog
The dog is actually trying to not be caught
Violation that's occurring has to do with morality. Violating autonomy
Schweder and Colleagues (1997)
Ethnic of Autonomy
o Emphasizes individual freedom and rights
o Dog has this right
Ethnic of Community
o Emphasizes duties to conform to community roles and expectations
Ethnic of Divinity
o Ephasizes the sactity of perceied atural order
There's a general natural order of the world and we don't want to mess it up
Ethnic of Autonomy
Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
o Has an ethnocentric frame work
o In the final stages, sounds a lot like the ethic of autonomy
o Works in North America
Pre-conventional Level
Stages 1 and 2
Obtain personal rewards
Avoid personal punishments
Conventional Level
Stages 3 and 4
Obey laws and contracts
Follow family and group rules
Post-conventional Level
Stages 5 and 6
Affirm individual rights
Promote basic freedoms
Ethic of Community
Look at Indians and Americans
Looked at the people acted unkindly to someone in need
What are th iew of people in social responsibility?
Manipulated so had extreme moderate, modern
Also manipulated participants
o The extreme need is life or death, the higher it is, the moderate people are judging you
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Moderate need is helping someone who's having knee surgery, same amount of judging in
India
o Only 70% in America
o People in India are highly judgmental of someone asking fro help
Most people would judge you
o But in America only 20%
o In America working on ethic of autonomy rather then ethic of community
Ethnic of Divinity
Fear factor
o Face your fears
o Pizza below
Crust is made from cow bile
o Is this violating any moralities?
They have the freedom to withdraw (in terms of ethics, its okay)
But its unsettling and makes you uncomfortable
Violating ethic of divinity
Entity of perceived natural orders of things
Not supposed to eat cow bile
In this case immoral is caused to oneself or other
Respect to gods creation. Violating that is immoral.
Were not thinking of this as violation because they have a right to withdrawal (ethic of
autonomy)
Because we don't follow ethic of divinity as strongly as ethic of autonomy, its seen as
something that's not violated
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o It's a violating because we feel the disgust
o Disgust is the indicator that something has occurred
Emotional Responses to Moral Violations
Accordig to Rozi ad colleagues 1999, e do’t atted to oral iolatios i geeral, e
attend to the specific kind of moral violation we have perceived. [which then elicits emotions]
Violation of Autonomy Anger
o Ex. Attack on the mosque in Montreal.
o It's a violation of something that's sacred
o It elicits a very specific emotion
Violation of CommunityContempt
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Morality and emotion: edward hall, expert on dog living in the wild for 2 years but people want to protect it and provide it a happy home. Speaks to the nature of human being superior and we providing benefits to others. Why do we care so much of what the dog wants: what if the dog cant be with the family. Will be euthanized: what"s inhumane about the is that you are deciding on behalf of the dog, the dog is actually trying to not be caught, violation that"s occurring has to do with morality. Ethnic of autonomy: kohlberg"s stages of moral development, has an ethnocentric frame work. In the final stages, sounds a lot like the ethic of autonomy: works in north america. Stages 1 and 2: obtain personal rewards, avoid personal punishments. Stages 3 and 4 obey laws and contracts. Follow family and group rules: affirm individual rights, promote basic freedoms.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.