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PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Cogito Ergo Sum, Pragmatics, Soul Music

Course Code
G Cupchik

of 3
PSYC18H3 Lecture 1 Notes January 12th, 2012
Where are we now? (Themes)
- Where’re we now in our lives in terms of friendships, social status, relationships
- Where’re we now in our work in terms of
- Where’re we now in our science? Following or thinking critically?
Locating ourselves in space/time
- Space: Logs of 10 out into space and into the microscopic world, how insignificant everything is.
- Time:
History: (not included in lecture version)
- This is a sample of twitter traffic for one month before and after political action that took place
on May 15, 2012, in Spain.
- You see the small amount of connections prior to that and the explosion on the 15th. The video
is made by people working on complex systems and high-performance computation at an
institute in Zragoza called BiFi (BioFisica). They are serious.
o How communication has changed in our society
o During a political action, the communication among those involved are increased
- We haven’t been here a long time as a species
- We should think critically about experiments and ideas (His example: interpreting the bible)
- Existentially: Define yourself by what you do, thrown into a life and we adapt
o (e.g. Trans-genders feel like they are thrown into a body that is not their own)
- Different notions of worlds
o Umwelt (German): surrounding physical/organic world
o Mitwelt: World with others
o Eigenwelt: Relationship with oneself
Where are we now?
- Chauvee cave?
- Ideas of values moving slowly: It’s for all generations, older generations don’t want to adopt
new philosophies
- The ideas your parents or grandparents hold have persisted over many many years
- Things are changing more rapidly: Industrial revolution, stability is disappearing, self-doubt
(Who am I?)
- Internet: Time and space collapse, the world is everywhere now, time used to be past, space
used to be over “there”, now we are in space and time together as a whole
PSYC18H3 Lecture 1 Notes January 12th, 2012
Critical Question
- (someone you haven’t seen in a long time tells you you haven’t changed)
- Experience of time and space is plastic: it changes
- Once we made the watch, we’ve followed it to a T, now we’re “timed”
- Where is the change in the world relative to you shows you whether you think the world is
moving quickly or slowly
- In the medieval age, the world was slower and you were slow as well so you couldn’t tell
whether it was different
A big transition for psychology around 1500
- Church and king dictated what was real
- Comparison: God and the school system (Follow the rules and don’t be a “sinner”)
After the Renaissance
- History doesn’t mean “dead people” and “dates”
- Going back in History to think critically and practice humility: What does it “mean”?
- Secularization: Leimidiz (philosopher),
- Around 1500: Focus on people, Umvelt, Midwelt, Eidenwelt
o There wasn’t a lot of opportunity to think about the “self” when you were a “slave”, no
Rene Descartes
- Cogito Ergo Sum
- Dubito Ergo Sum
o You always had to refer to the “big guys” before you (Aristotle, etc.). Descartes changed
it so that you can refer to yourself
Two traditions as of the 18th Century
- English
o They meant only “white people with money”, poor people didn’t have that “right
o “soul music” = Music that evokes emotional feeling
o How many selves do we have? You show your “selvesto different people, we hide our
“bad” sides, we even do that to ourselves, hiding our “selves”
o Logic and pragmatics and feelings (e.g. I feel good or bad about something)
o Good and evil are judgements about the world, “rational” judgements about us
- German
o I have a right to have feelings and thoughts
o It was okay for people to have big displays of emotion (e.g. Men can cry publicly)
o Exploring feelings are important
PSYC18H3 Lecture 1 Notes January 12th, 2012
Know about the body in the 1800s
Take what we know about the body and what we know about the mind and put them together in such a
way that the rational guys are happy with their emotions and the emotional guys are happy with their