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Lecture 16

PSYC23H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: 18 Months, Attachment In Adults

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David Haley

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By the age of 18 more than 70% of adolescents report having had a romantic relationship in the preceding
18 months. studies have demonstrated that the mean duration of relationships among 17 and 18-year-old
may be 12 months or more. By late adolescence, many adolescents have the ability to be involved in steady
romantic relationships. These stable relationships are deep, strong understanding and intimate/love, by
expressions of strong feelings, which are emotionally rewarding for both partners.
Intergenerational Transmission: When and How Change Can Be Expected
Attachment theories
focus more on understanding the nature of caregiving,
parenting behavior
parental behavior protects
the needs of the child
Psychoanalytic approaches
emphasize the intrapsychic aspects of parenting
focus more on the way parents perceive their children as their extension
o fuses child as their future generation
interactions among three component parts of the mind:
o the id
o ego
o superego.
Anything that happens to people during childhood can contribute to the way they
later function as adults.
inner working models of self and other plays a role in the way parents treat their children.
Anything that happens in the past is hard to change, you nee to forget, move on or use it as the structure
or backbone for future successes. Some are difficult to change and are recreated as an individual becomes
a parent parents may become too protective and interfere with the child’s desire for individuation.
Having experienced a difficult childhood does not necessarily lead to having an insecure state of mind or
needing to re-enact past experiences.
Sometimes some individuals use their past to not interfere with there child.
For example, an individual who did not get appropriate education will cause parents to
work harder for their own child to get that education.
Parents reflect on past experiences and resolve negative feelings, or with past pain.
This leads to sensitive and flexible parenting.
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