Lecture 5 PSY.docx
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Basic emotions; we can Indetify them through specific muscles that move in the face. Darwin stated that
ellectricaly activated muscles in the faces reveal an expression.
Theses expression are 1. Universal, by this I mean they are discreet as well as biologically determined!
2. Differ in Valence for example +valence: happiness – valence: sad, fear, anger
Our expression and recognition of an emotion differ on two aspects:
1. Individual chacteristics such as: self regulation(emotion inhibiton ) and age mediate the duration
and frequency of an emotion experssion
2. Culture characteristics: different culture display rules, frequency and duration of emotion also
maybe bee appropriate or inappororiate
Autonomic differences in facial exppressions:
Different emotions carry different biological responses for example for fear we see an increase in
heart rate, and a decrease in heart rate for disgust. For anger we see and increase in temp but in
fear a decrease (cold) . Experiment: they were told to either relieve an emotion on mannulayy
mimick it. Found that the physiological responses were the same as if they were actually feeling that
emotion. “The Facial Action task”
Emotions effect the way we recognize our souroundings:
Ie) cognative baises: the way we feel affects how we see the world. It mediates how the organism
cognative processs works. For example, feeling anger can effect or problem sovling skills, our social
judgments, and our reflective thinking. Emotions are said to have an adaptive functioning,
specifically our emotion induced cognitive bias may be quite neccesary for survival.
Mood congruency on the other hand states that how you feel is how you see things, thus your
perception process is influenced y emotions. Experiment: videos were shown with the emotion
condition of either disgust or happiness. With disgust, found that when the faces were shown to
them they were more definitve in there answer, but in happy condition when shown the face, they
were more flexale when classifyinh the emotion. This shows that when happyp you explore multiple
options, but when disgusted you are more difinative. Therefore, when an emotion is enduced, it can
alter the perception of that person of the world, they will have a disposition to the mood their in
and perceive situations in the world through this disposition. The question then becomes how
accurate is ones judgment when they are eing influenced by an emotion.
Example of emotional and cognitive baises: the intergenerational transmission of anxiety. To show
this phenomena we look at how anxious mothers tend to have highly anxious children. The
mechanism that this works through is interpretation of threat bias. That is anxious adults and their
children tend to view ambiguous stimuli as threating or negative.
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