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Lecture 1psya01 notes.docx

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Steve Joordens

Lecture 1 psya01  Relevance of Soul To pursue something scientifically one must first assume that the behaviour of that thing conforms to some sort of natural laws, laws that can eventually be understood, specified, and used to predict future behaviour “Souls” are spiritual entities and, as such, they DO NOT conform to natural laws … given this, trying to understand them via a scientific process is pure folly  Animism- Suggesting that something has a soul or desire. Eg. Rock falling to the ground  Magician, if a guy shows how they do their tricks its no longer magic Something they do which you do not understand  Rene Descartes Believes humans are very intelligent Believed animals had no souls they are machines which create an illusion. Rene started experimenting on them Cartesian Dualism- We are partly machines we are “hydraulic machines” our bodies are controlled by our soul. Humans are still responsible for their actions When people died he cut open their bodies because the soul had left  John Lock Believed the human mind is a machine We are born knowing nothing (nature) and people become who they are because of life experiences Empiricism – need to test ideas and reasoning  James Mill We do not have a soul everything in
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