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Chapter 18 – The Treatment of Mental Disorders (Notes)

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John Bassili

Chapter 18 The Treatment of Mental Disorders MENTAL DISORDERS AND PSYCHOTHERAPY Early Treatment of Mental Disorders The earliest known attempts to treat mental disorders involved drilling holes in a persons skull known as trephining; the opening was made to permit evil spirits to leave the victims head Johann Wier was among the first to challenge practices intended to combat witchcraft o He argued that they were suffering from mental illness, the church banned his writings Pinel believed that patients would respond well to kind treatment; he undid their chains and took them from the dungeons to walk the hospital freely and many were discharged The Development of Psychotherapy The modern treatment of mental disorders began with Mesmer who devised a theory of magnetic fluxes, in which, he attempted to effect cures by manipulating iron rods and bottles of chemicals o In reality he hypnotized his patients, alleviating some of their symptoms Freud created the practice of psychoanalysis Most therapists adopt a more general, eclectic approachthis involves the therapist using whatever method they feel will work best for a particular client at a particular time INSIGHT THERAPIES Insight therapy view behaviour as a symptom of deeper underlying psychological problems o Once a patient understands the cause of their problem, the problemsand the maladaptive behaviourwill cease Insight therapies include a variety of treatments that emphasize talk between the therapist and the client as a means of discovering the reasons for the clients problems Psychoanalysis and Modern Psychodynamic Approaches Freud is given credit for developing psychoanalysisa form of therapy aimed at providing the client with insight into their unconscious motivations and impulses By encouraging the client to talk, the analysts tries to bring these unconscious conflicts into view
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