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Personality Development.docx

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Steve Joordens

PSYA02 Feb 4, 2013 Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939)  Freud was the first psychologist that wasn‟t a scientist – he was a physiologist o Trained as an expert observer – shaped his later research  Was interested in ailments that seemed to have no physiological cause o Extreme ailments but no medical cause o Caused by mental issues  Worked with Charcot on hypnotism. Freud felt that this could cure psychological problems but he later rejected this idea. o Mesmer was first to use the „idea‟ of hypnotism. Originally, he wanted to cure people via magnetism but it turns out that, for the people that felt better, they weren‟t cured by the magnets but by Mesmer telling them that the magnets would help. It was a placebo effect under the power of suggestion.  Freud listened to people and then formed „stories‟ of the causes of their problems o This was scientifically impossible to test/prove  Came to believe that all human behavior is motivated by instinctual desires that provide psychic energy o Psychic energy caused the issues  These drives could be unconscious as well as conscious Psychodynamics  The manner in which our internal energies are released determines our personalities  Psychic energy – caused by sex/aggression  Freud thought that his three categories of conscious/unconscious could have goals and desires o Modern day scientists reject this ID (Instinct)  This part was completely below our conscious awareness  It represents the animal side of humans – it wants things and wants it right away o However, this is not all bad. The ID is what motivates us to get stuff done.  Very primitive and very reactive PSYA02 Feb 4, 2013  “… the dark, inaccessible part of our personality … a cauldron full of seething excitations … filled with energy reaching it from the instincts, but it has no organization, produces no conscious will, but only a striving to bring about that satisfaction of the instinctual needs subject to … the pleasure principle.” (Freud)  The Pleasure Principle: The desire to obtain immediate gratification in whatever form it may take.  The ID is also linked to “libido”, the primary source of instinctual motivation for all psychic forces. Super-ego (Conscience)  Partly conscious  Charged with the task of making you the sort of person that will fit in well with society … or just the person you would like to be. o We will probably never achieve this mental image  Ego-Ideal: The internalized notion of what society values in a person … what it means to be “good”, “liked” or “appreciated”.  Conscience:
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