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Lecture 10

Social Psychology Lecture 10.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Social Psychology Lecture 10 Aggression intentional behave thats aimed at causing either physical pain or psychological paindivide it into the type of pain the person is inflicting and the goal of the pain types of pain physical pain verbal or relational aggression what is the goal its intentional so there is a goalhostile aggression end goal is inflicting the paininstrumental aggression still inflicts pain but difference is the pain itself is not the main goal its the means to the end ie person started spreading rumours goal was to spreade the rumour but along the way you get hurt why do we hurt people typical answers genetic chemical influence frustrationaggression theory social learning theory not one will explain everything all together explain Genetic predisposition some people argue genetic is evolutionarily adapted the earliest evidence that supports this are things such as animals can be bred to be more aggressive twin studies show high degree of heritabilitystimulate the amygdala and people act more aggressively depends on context both anger and fear are related to amygdala amygdala doesnt always lead to aggression can lead to fear or withdrawl relative social status of the animal seems to matterpre frontal cortex also is involved self control and down regulation of seratonin seems to inhibit aggressive responses down regulates your aggression alcohol is a GABA inhibitor polarizes your behav whatever your natural tendency is it will come out more if youre intoxicated frustrationaggression hypothesis people argue that aggression stems from frustration frustration is an emotional response from being blocked from your goal you see more aggression the closer you are to achieving your goal if you cant retaliate against the person who frustrated you you show even greater aggression to people who arent even related to the situation environmental factors pain and heat evoke aggression neoassosiationism idea is that we associate aggression and anger we have these two concepts closely related argue that aversive events cause anger and as a result concepts we associate with anger become more aggressive in your mind once anger related concepts are accessible in working memory if you then have opportunity to act aggressive youll act more aggressive gun study two people interact one is a confederate work together on a problem solving tasks supposed to give each other real shocks as part of the tasks manipulated anger by either making it more or less aversive confederate low anger shocked once high anger shocked 7 times by confederate they you have the opportunity to shock the confederate next to the shock machine there could be 3 conditions either no object gun experimental condition or badminton racket control results if you had been shocked a lot by confederate you shock a lot back both
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