Wednesday October 6, 2010 Social Interaction
What are social interactions?
What are social interactions like?
- Definition Back-and-forth exchange of verbal or nonverbal behaviour between 2
or more people. In “real-time”
- Verbal or non verbal behaviour. You can interact with ppl without speaking, facial
- Average time span:
o Non conflict interactions: 10 minutes
o Conflict interactions: 3 minutes
- Modes of social interaction – how does social interaction take place?
o Methods of communication:
o In person
o Over the phone
Theoretical models of social interactions
- Field theory first proposed by father of social psych- created a function to explain
behaviour. *know what this equation means
- A person’s behaviour is a function of both who they are (the Person) and the
situation they find themselves in (the Environment)
B = f(P, E)
B = Behaviour
P = Factors internal to the Person
E = Factors in the external Environment
- Slide 8- all the arrows are bi-directional. Your attitudes and ideas are affected by the
person you're interacting with
- General social interaction cycle *slide 9
- There is an actor and a target. *study done by cantor and kihlstrom*
- Perceiver and target. First thing is form an impression. That affects her
behaviour...the action gets sent to john. He interprets it, forms his impression of her.
He responds and asks qs- she interprets response----follow cycle
- This cycle describes dyadic social interaction* slide 10. Think of actor as one who
initiates interaction and perceiver the one who is the target
- Cyclical Social Interaction. “noise Gun Experiment (Snyder and Swann 1978)
- 108 particpants each divided into groups of 3. Participant 1, P2, P3 each given a
role, scheduled a role of strangers
- Phase 1- p1 and p2; introduced to noise gun game- supposed to play game back and
forth, blast each other with a loud noise gun. P1 is given some piece of info about
p2; tell them they are hostile and this person is mean. Other half of p1 is told p2 is
very non hostile. P1 is given impression of p2. P2 is not told anything about p1 and
does not know they have an impression of them. P2 are told something about the
noise gun; told either the way you use the noise gun tell something about yourself
(ppl who blast it are hostile), other group of p2 is told the way you use the noise gun
depends on the situation.
- P1 given info about p2, p2 is given info on the situation.
- After this, they play the game. Afterwards they fill out a brief questionnaire asking
about their impression of the other person - When p1 thought they were playing it with someone hostile they blasted them at
the highest level of sound. Those who thought p2 were non hostile used the
- How did 2 behave? when p1 thought p2 was more hostile, p2 blasted p1 with a
higher intensity, when p1 thought p2 was less hostile they blasted with less
- PHASE 2- p2 and p3 interacting. Going to play the game. P2 knows about the game
so p3 doesnt know anything and are not told anything about p2. **when p2 had
been told in prior experiment that the use of their blast said something about
themselves; they behaved the same way as in the previous interaction with p1.
When p2 had been told it doesn’t affect who you are de