Somatoform: Bodily symptoms suggest some sort of illness, but no
physiological basis is found. [All of these must create some discomfort]
Pain Disorder: Psychological factors play a significant role in the onset and
maintenance of pain. [Must result in distress, and disability]
Anything makes the pain worse to them, even if it's not really there.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Preoccupation with imagined or exaggerated
defects in physical appearance.
Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with fears of having a serious illness.
Overgeneralizing symptoms to fit what the person may have, or
misinterpreting certain symptoms.
Somatization Disorder: 4 pain symptoms, 2 gastrointestinal symptom, 1
sexual symptom, and 1 pseudo-neurological symptom. Malingering is a good process for determining whether or not the symptoms are
involuntary [remembering certain things].
Dissociative Disorders: Disruptions in consciousness, memory, and identity.
Dissociative Amnesia: Person is unable to recall important personal
information. Usually after some stressful episode. These often do not last
Anterograde: Can't remember anything after the event. [This is found in
Dissociative Fugue: They leave behind everything, and goes to a new
destination and creates a new identity. The memory loss is more expansive
[retrograde and anterograde] Dissociative Identity Disorder: Person has had at least two separate ego
states, or alters, that exist independent of each other. They have control at
[Psychology plays a causal role in both Somatoform and Dissociative disorders]
Acute = 6 months or less
Chronic = 6 months +
Firstly, it’s important to remember to keep this in its proper context. The fact of
the matter is that, although the ultimate questions of life and existence are
obviously important, this has little to do with those questions. This has far more to
do with the fundamental mechanics of anxiety. Al