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PSYB30H3 (526)


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Somatoform: Bodily symptoms suggest some sort of illness, but no physiological basis is found. [All of these must create some discomfort]  Pain Disorder: Psychological factors play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of pain. [Must result in distress, and disability] Anything makes the pain worse to them, even if it's not really there.  Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Preoccupation with imagined or exaggerated defects in physical appearance.  Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with fears of having a serious illness. Overgeneralizing symptoms to fit what the person may have, or misinterpreting certain symptoms.  Somatization Disorder: 4 pain symptoms, 2 gastrointestinal symptom, 1 sexual symptom, and 1 pseudo-neurological symptom. Malingering is a good process for determining whether or not the symptoms are involuntary [remembering certain things]. Dissociative Disorders: Disruptions in consciousness, memory, and identity.  Dissociative Amnesia: Person is unable to recall important personal information. Usually after some stressful episode. These often do not last very long. o Anterograde: Can't remember anything after the event. [This is found in dissociative amnesia.]  Dissociative Fugue: They leave behind everything, and goes to a new destination and creates a new identity. The memory loss is more expansive [retrograde and anterograde]  Dissociative Identity Disorder: Person has had at least two separate ego states, or alters, that exist independent of each other. They have control at different times. [Psychology plays a causal role in both Somatoform and Dissociative disorders] DSM Specifies: Acute = 6 months or less Chronic = 6 months + Firstly, it’s important to remember to keep this in its proper context. The fact of the matter is that, although the ultimate questions of life and existence are obviously important, this has little to do with those questions. This has far more to do with the fundamental mechanics of anxiety. Al
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