Class Notes (838,549)
Canada (510,935)
Psychology (7,812)
PSYB30H3 (526)
Lecture 9

PSYB30 Lecture 9 The Self.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Marc A Fournier

Lecture 9 The Self Humanism – An optimistic view of a person as inherently good. (Reason and Rationality) We are capable of self governance/self regulation & great accomplishments. Psychoanalysis – pessimistic , behaviorism – neutral , humanism – optimistic Carl Rogers – We must do what we can to actualize our true self. (Be the best person we can be). Much of pain, suffering comes from failures to actualize our true selves. The OVP (Organismic Valuing Process) – Humans have fundamental capacity to percieve the growth-relevant implications of their experiences and choices. Fully function person – Openness to experience, capable of existential living (living in the moment), self-trust We need positive regard, we believe that the person we truly are will obtain positive regard. Conditions of worth – those conditions that apply to people whether or not they receive love and affections. Parents don’t show us love when we do something wrong. (we have conditions of worth) Conditonal positive regard – love and approval can only be obtained conditionally (only when certain conditions are met) Client-Centred Therapy 1. Unconditional Positive Regard – the client must feel positive regard unconditionally from the councellor. 2. Empathic Understanding – Need to understand the world as the client sees it. 3. Reflection - The therapists acts as a mirror, allowing clients to see themselves objectively and fully to be loved and accepted, Abraham Maslow – Heirarchy of psychological needs. 1.Physiological needs – food water warmth rest sleep etc. 2. Safety – security and protection. housing and clothing. 3. Belongingness & Love – Communal (contact, intimacy etc) 4. Esteem – Competence, achievement, recognition, prestige, status Deificiency motives – Things we lack. Once we get what we need, we move on. (Drive Reducing) 5. Self-Actualization – The need to fulfill our potentials (Drive inducing) A meta- need. Only once the lower defiencies have been met can this be met. The more we experience it, the more motivated we are to acquire them. (self reinforcing) 1 in 1000 people. Peak experience – rare moment when we are engaging in self actualizing activities. Feel like we are at the peak of life, like a whole person, coherent, cohesive etc. (Changing the way they see the world) Flaws – priority of needs, ordering of needs, definition of needs (eg at what point is the safety need met?) Self-Determination Theory – Edward Deci (Intrinsic Motivation) Deci’s free choice paradigm – Students played with the puzzle during their spare time more than those that were paid. Basic Psychological Needs according to Deci Autonomy – the feeling that we have a choice and ownership over ourselves. Competence – to feel capable Relatedness – to be connect
More Less

Related notes for PSYB30H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.