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Chapter 2: Where to Start

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Chapter 2: Where to Start Hypothesis and Predictions  A tentative idea that is waiting for evidence to support or refute it  Data must be gathered and evaluated in terms of whether the evidence is consistent or inconsistent with the hypothesis  Researcher must then design a study to test the hypothesis  Researcher will make a specific prediction concerning the outcome of the experiment o If the prediction is confirmed by the results of the experiment, the hypothesis is supported. o If not confirmed, hypothesis is either rejected or further research can be conducted using different methods Who We Study: Terminology  Participants and subjects are both correct terms  Respondents are people who take part in surveys  Informants are people who help researchers understand the dynamics of particular cultural and organizational settings Sources of Ideas  5 sources: o 1) Common sense o 2) Observation of the world around us o 3) Theories o 4) Past research o 5) Practical Problems Common Sense  Things we all believe to be true o Ex. Opposites attract, picture worth a thousand words etc.  Testing commonsense ideas can be valuable
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