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1st chapter cognition lecture 1

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Dwayne Pare

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1st chapter COGNITION perception language knowledge and concept formation - problem solve judgment and decision making define cognition: study of the mind and what we really think why do some sentences make more sense than others? -memory and understanding memory ex: patient HM suffering from seizures , surgery resulted in amnesia where he can no longer form new memories...after surgery remembered mostly everything from prior to the surgery but can't form new memories -->lead to the evidence of working memory and that his working memory wasnt affected by the specfic brain regions from the surgery.. reason for being able to answer questions and be able to talk is because of his working memory (his working memory able to stay in tact regardless of the other affected brain regions) --> he lost his fav uncle but after few minutes he would forget and still think he lived until someone had to remind him -->he didnt feel a sense of self /couldnt remember if he did good things or bad things and couldnt remember what he was like (w/o those experiences how do we judge the type of person that we are?) wilhelm wundt and partner: two psychologists who attribute start of cognitive psychology focus for them were mental events (consciousness, ) -wanted to know was can you study thats something thats within? can we study our thoughts -proposed to do it through introspection (evaluate inner self ex thinking about myself and my thoughts/behaviors and why im doing that) -idea that this skill to be able to study through introspection had to be taught do it properly you had to be trained --> they found that there is a problem with this method (not scientific because it is subjective; it needs to be objective b/c we need to see results...therefore not valid. this if it is honest, can still only get an conscious thought it doesnt get at unconscious processes ) behaviorism: focuses on observable behaviors ignoring whats going on in the mind -the mind is something we don't have access to , so we determine cause of behavior is based on what we observation and studies -did a lot for us in terms of shaping animal behavior and c
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