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Sisi Tran

September 12, 2013 PSYC14- Evolutionary Foundations of Cultural Psychology  Evolution = innate & Culture = Learned  Do they go hand-in-hand?  Contrasting elements?  Nature = replication of genes & nurture = replication of ideas (in the cultural psych point of view)  Biological genes = similar to cultural ideas o Needs to be transmittable  Longetvity  popular ideas get picked up  Fecundity  accuracy  Fidelity  needs to be replicated - Anytime an idea is transferred it gets morphed, just like diseases (epidemiology: study of diseases) 1) Communicable ideas spread o Can be communicated easily (i.e technology enables easy communication) o Ex. Having an unacceptable thought (doesn’t get communicated) because it’s socially unacceptable  Talking about periods in some cultures 2) Emotional ideas spread o Rumours occur because you make it more exaggerated, more emotionally relevant (more “gossipy”)  most interesting 3) Minimally Counterintuitive ideas spread o Legends/fairytales o Mostly logical, but something exra that stands out (ex: tangled, hair that glows) - Hunter-gathers: small groups, nomadic, high mortality, 10-30 people in a group, most activities are in highly social contexts etc o Adapt to functions as a group (inter-dependent) o Oxytocin helps mom and infants bond - Homosapiens – capacity for language/ share ideas/ possibility for learning - Domestication of animals and plants = Monumental!! o Industrial evolution o Crop growing, farming communities, using animals for transport/ food/ labor o Farming communities- more food therefore no longer nomadic  Now more time on their hands because of the food surplus  Therefore, began trading with other communities for more products  Also began developing priests and other important figures and activities in community - Hunter-gatherers vs Farming Communities - Standard of living  daily caloric intake, life expectancy, literary rates - Quality of life (personal/subjective) o Haves vs. have nots September 12, 2013 - Farming communities  EVERYTHING shifted (at a price) o Is it really a good thing?  Probably, led us to civilizations - Today, we have it all, not fighting to live anymore (in fact, higher suicidal rates) o Consumer society o Community now- we don’t know everyone  Learning to interact with strangers  Progressively less time spent with nuclear family - Standard of libing = $/ status/ respect - Quality =  ?  ? - EEA  E
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