Cross Cultural Social Psychology
24 October, 2013
Cognition and Perception
- Culture exists in the way we think. We have values about the world and
environment and the way we process it
- Mischel and Shoda- conducted a study looking at kids at a camp, the camp
was 6 weeks and they gathered 160 hours of observation for each child. They
saw aggression, prosocial behaviour. They noticed five situations that were
apparent to each child.
- The five sittuations were:
- When an peer approached them
- When a peer teased them
- When an adult warmed them
- When an adult praised them
- When an adult punished them
- You can see that their behaviour is a bit inconsistent when interacting with
- But the most consistent behaviour is when a peer approach them
- Maybe it can be because the child is brought up in a different background,
they are counterintuitive,
- Found that when a peer approached them, they behaved aggressively
- Then you have another child that behaved aggressive is when the parent
- Mishcel states that if then profiles invite questions about person construal of
situations, motivations, goals ad expectations.
- They wanted to know why these behaviour differ
- Mischel and Shoda showed that it is because of Cognitive Affective Units
- You have these thoughts and feelings that are interconnected network
- This ultimately predicts behaviour
- Different pathways become activated in relation to features of the situation
- If the situation occurs, then you think and feel a certain way and then it leads
to a behaviour/ outcome
- This model has been adapted to be the Cultural Cognitive- Affective
Cultural Cognitive- Affective Processing Sytem (C-CAPS)
- Features of situations, thoughts, and feelings about the situation, behaviour
that occurs because of the thoughts and feelings
- Physical culture signifies representatives of a culture. Phsyical culture sets
the dynamic. Having a podium at the front of the room, it sets the physical
culture that the professor should stand behind the podium.
- Subjective culture: a collective set of beliefs, a shared belief. Here they talk
about protestant work ethic. We internalized standard with out environment. - Nominal situations are just specific situations have specific relations that
lead to out thoughts which lead to our behaviour.
- Application: Sensitivity to Race Based Relation
- Dynamic that is based on particular experiences being more likely to occur to
members of a particular group
- Psychology of minority group members must be understood within the
group’s own context and situations.
- Nominal situation-work settings, rejection-sensitivity dynamic. People are
always looking for sign based on their rejection sensitivity.
- Physical Culture: might see segregated neighbourhoods, discrepancy in
quality of schools
- This is bound by subjective culture such as stereotypes and prejudice
- Both of these things lead to nominal situations, people are always looking for
signs of rejection, because it is grounded within their experience.
- Subjective culture exist within society but it elicits thoughts in you, It caused
you to appraised features of the situation differently. Because you are
internalizing things, it creates behaviour.
- The more this happens to you the more you self select, and decide what you
want to do in that situation.
- Application of C-CAPS in UTSC, Frosh
- Physical Culture: T-shirts, cheers, campus
- Subjective Culture: independence, maturity, freedom
- Nominal Situation: Frosh
- Features of Situation: Partying, Registration, meeting new people
- CAU: closeness of others, excitement
- Behaviour: adopting leadership role, may lead you back to be a frosh leader
- If you have negative CAUs for instance, you feel isolated, sad, overated.
- Then the behaviour becomes withdrawal, and you wouldn’t want to go to the
- What is the difference then between th