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PSYC18H3 (334)

Lecture 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

PSYC18 J 5 Does feedback from the face shape how we feel? - Allport - Cues from our face help us know what we are feeling - Tomkins J the face is important but not just negative emotions o All about the face o }L[o]]L^o]Z]LZZ}K Z_ o Only the face shows our emotions The face is the place for emotion (Tomkins) - Newborns o Parents tickle their cheeks and baby laughs J indicative that the face is more responsive to stimulation - Development of head movement, visual fixations, eye-hand coordination o These develop before they sit up or walk around o Development in head and face first - Afferent-efferent channels o More Between the face and the brain than for body parts and the brain - Facial muscles, resistance to habituation o People have instinctual responses (e.g. close eyes when ball thrown at you) o Harder to prevent these responses than other bodily responses (e.g. not flinch when getting an injection) - Face is centre of expression - Muscles in our face shapecause what we feel Ekman and Friesen - Muscles in our }L[ ZK}]}LZ}LoZoZ} }KKL] Z}o - High sending capacity J ability to transmit a lot of information very quickly - Anatomical independence o Brows and forehead can express different emotions than lips - Low transmission time o Facial displays evolve drastically and very quickly o Micro momentary affect displays are permitted o Face can change shape very quickly Does expression represent actual emotion? Schachter and wheeler - Participants either given a shot of: o epinephrine (adrenaline) J laugh more o Chlorpromazine J laugh less o Placebo - Epinephrine laughed more but did not rate it more funny Cupchik and leventhal - Measured how much people are laughing and how they rate the funniness - Listening to canned laughter boosts the laughter participants expressed - }KL7o2Z]L2K}}ZL[KLZ}L]K}LL - But for women, if they laughed more, they found it funnier o Women felt obliged to rate it funnier in the 70s? o Women found the cartoons funnier? o Women impacted by the canned laughter more?
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