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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
G Cupchik

PSYC18 Lecture 5 Feb. 9, 2012 - Emotionality and Rationality goes hand in hand, we just don’t know how - John Locke: addressed the problem of identity and the experience of a continuous self o Individuals are described as acting in a calculating manner based on cool desires and the resulting feelings of pain or pleasure provide feedback as to the success or failure of their efforts - All actions are accompanied by feelings and the feelings tell you whether or not you believe what you did was wrong - The development of action theory - John Locke: one of the first few people who talked about the self - Change “emotion” to “feelings”. “Feelings arise when the process….” - If you wake up and you’re not feeling well, you are in the state of low arousal, your day’s gonna “suck” - Moderate levels of arousal are ideal: Shows performance between action and feeling - Three themes of Action Theory o 1) The autonomous self as agent of action  the role of will and choice Formatted o 2) Central cortical (versus peripheral visceral)  determinants of emotional processes o 3) Facilitative effects of emotional energy  on direction and execution of adaptive behaviour - John. B. Watson o Emotions exist because they have evolutionary value o Emotions can be dysfunctional if the arousal is too high o We inherit things that help us survive (in the emotional sense) Cognition, Arousal and Emotion - William McDougal and W.B. Cannon o Instinct: Emotions help us adapt (word we don’t use anymore) o The body is important because it helps us survive o You feel the emotion and then you engage in the necessary action in order to survive - Gregorio Maranon to W.B. Cannon o Give someone an injection of a double espresso to see what they do o Hypothyroidism: When they don’t work properly o 1. The Subjective Perception  “I’m trembling and I don’t know what’s going on” o 2. Second degree reaction  Psychologica
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