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PSYC23 Lecture 2.docx

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David Haley

PSYC23 Lecture 2  Health Problem: Intelligence can affect health risk factors= minority status, occupation, mothers education, family size, life events, parenting, anxiety, and mental health  Assumptions in developmental psychology: Behavior and mind evolved to solve problems, continuity in mental + behavioral and physiological processes among species and propr adaptation and individual variation both contribute to mental + behavioral + physiological dev  Baldwin: Imitation concept o Linked habit formation to natural selection= Baldwin effect o We have the capacity to solve problems by trial and error the capacities form skills and habits o Ppl who solve problems rapidly in novel ways (shows greater plasticity) are more likey to survive o Ability to form habits and skills and solve problems get s passed onto generations and even through species in the individual there is variation in how they solve problems  Darwinian legacy: Continuity of mental processes: if u see something in another sepcies that is similar to us, then we can easily say that we work the same way but we have to be careful not to say that because they can ALMOST BE THE SAME BUT ARE DIFFERENT= they don’t have all the psychology that we have but they have that function o Linked to anecdotalists (causal observation) and anthropomorphism (The attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object) o Molecular mechanisms that account for this behavior are genetic differences and positions o Darwins challenge: look for continuity for our mental physiological developmental processes o Evolution and dev= Ontogeny (dev) recapitulates Phylogeny (shapes of other species) set of biological processing that affect the environment are driving signals and regulating these biological programs= Haeckels Law o Preformation= maturation from small to big o Predeterminism= sequence of qualitative stages  Principles of Developmental science: open, irreversible, active, growth and increased complexity greater complexity= more efficient system= less energy demanding= less potential  Developmental systems theory: reciprocal relations between organism and environment in which sybsystems interact and time is dynamic the organism re
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