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Lecture 5

PSYC39 Lecture 5.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Nussbaum

PSYC39 Lecture 5 • emergency response teams in the past were not as fast as they are today, that's why the homicide rate has decreased (more charges of attempted murder rather than just murder) • 1/8 homicide incidents were drug-related • history of juvenile justice • prior to 19th century: children and youth treated like adult offenders • in response to developmental psychologists, Juvenile Delinquents Act was enacted • in ancient civilizations, they were aware that children are not responsible for legal interactions • Young Offenders Act: more explicit in recognizing that juvenile offenders were cognitively different than adults • Phase 2 offenders:16-18 years old put into this category, unless they committed a serious crime • issue: what are the guidelines in order for the young offender to be waived to adult court? • case of the 17 year old who killed his father over the car if he is in the juvenile system, he may not regret on his actions, may not be safe to • the public when he leaves the system • also, will the other kids be safe with a callous murderer close to them? • but, if the young offender is put with adults, they may learn about ways to perfect crime or be exposed to sexual assault • young criminal justice act (2003): to provide prevention on a criminal lifestyle; take responsibility for their behaviour; rehabilitation on problem behaviours (substance abuse, vocational liabilities, academic problems) (every offender shows signs of intellectual/neuropsychological deficits); reintegration of youth (job training) • differences b/w young offenders act and young criminal act: young offenders act doesn't stress on responsibility of's not your fault, environmental factors • extrajudicial remedies: try to take kids out of justice system if not necessary (make them do community service) • expanded sentencing options: serve intermittent sentences (go into the system on weekends only, and go to school during the week); helps youth thrive in society • trajectories of juvenile offenders • different life paths for offenders: the earlier the behaviour begins, the more difficult to treat, and the worse the prognosis • child-onset: manifests differently, may start bullying other children • adolescent-onset: adolescent-limited, may not continue in the behaviour when they
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