Individual differences in personality traits
Developmental & social: Effective response.
Psychoanalysis perspective: Need identification & awareness of own
3 components of empathy: 1) Self regulation 2) Affective arousal sharing
3) Emotion understanding
o Bottom up: Involuntary (child crying at daycare & others doing the
o Top down: Cognitive part (understanding what they are going
through). Self-regulation comes here.
Negative emotions had strongest autonomic nervous system.
Empathy: related but distinct process through which perceivers relate to
3 classes: 1) experience sharing 2) m