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RLGA01H3 (62)
Henry Shiu (55)
Lecture

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Department
Religion
Course
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu
Semester
Summer

Description
Religion Lecture #3 Laws of Manu Ÿ Majority o society did not know about it, only believed what the priest said (vedam) Ÿ Specialized respect and power of priest Ÿ Between 600 and 200 B.C.E à many rules created by priest for social behaviours, rules are either part of religion or something priest has created; not related to rituals, but for daily lives Ÿ New standards were expanded Ÿ Most famous of the rules found in Laws of Manu (sage Manu’s rule) Ÿ Etiquette of each age group (Brahmins) articulates duties of each age group on society Ÿ New text with new rules would accompany a new term ‘dharma’ Ÿ New age Hinduism focus not on Rita but on dharma Ÿ Both terms refer to principles and rights (both impersonal symbols) Ÿ Essential differenceàrita (not fixed principle, it is law of changes), it changes in a homogonous way, how universe changes and how we can find patterns through changes Ÿ Dharma is more static, things don’t change, ‘sacred duty’= eternal duty, everyone born with a duty depending on which class and age group you belong to Ÿ Sanatana dharma=world and lives based on unchanging pattern that is determined, to lead a wholesome life and accumulate good karma you must perform rituals and fulfill duties Ÿ Religious person is restrained to perform duties (no excuse is acceptable including emotion, physical and internal needs) Ÿ Classical Hindus would see change as bad Ÿ Developed caste system (hereditary occupational group), you do not choose your occupation, it is what your born into Ÿ Ranked by occupation, reputation, dignity and purity (hierarchal method) Ÿ Those occupations anything to do with bonesàlowest, lease pure Ÿ Sacred Rita, dharma (priest)àhighest, most pure Ÿ Caste system was newly invented and created by priest Ÿ To anyone it was much more equal (previous society) Ÿ Vedham mention 3 classes; Brahmins (priests), royal class,/rulers or soldier, common people (civilians) Ÿ This distinction is still replicable today/Aryan time; not hereditary, no one forced, always freedom Ÿ Perusha, common features of the world was formed Ÿ Different parts of perusha described by different parts of society (Brahmins are the head, which are more pure than the common people, the feet) Ÿ Emperors and warriors always had highest level of leadership, however in India, priests are most worshipped and respected Ÿ Now see a class of servants, ranked lower, performed the most humble tasks Ÿ Very unequal social structure accepted by Indians Ÿ Acceptance has much
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