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Lecture 8

Religion Lecture 8.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Henry Shiu

Religion Lecture 8 (East Asian Religions) Early religious thought in China: • heaven : the sky, what is above us-nature • human: • earth: what standing on-nature moral standards are on a decline this is presented by weather/nature the king of the people is the son of heaven emperor not behaving well, another reason the chinese would explain about disasters • the inseparability of religion and culture • the syncretism or combination of religions • the people adhere to more than one religions, and yet some of them might not be very "religious" • confucianism • taoism (Daoism) • yin-yang school-negative and positive elements. • chinese buddhism "religions? " "philosophies"? "ways of life"? Neolethic burials: • neolethic period (beginning the late fourth millennium BCE) • Goddess worship • Believed in an afterlife Shang-Zhou-Chu-Xia • oracle boens and divination • human sacrifice • role of shamans (king as shamans; "mandate of heaven",different from the japanese belief) • heavenly deities • natural deities • ancestral spirits • sage kings Five emperors: • Yellow emperor • Chuan-hsu • Yao • Shun • Yu Geomancy-feng shui • five directions • specific colours,elements and signifiers 5 elements 2.wind 4.water 5.air Confucius-Kong Tzu • analects-conversations with his disciples • the virtue of humaneness: a doctrine of reciprocity and neighbourliness as the ideal of the moral character of human relationships • "never do to other what you would not like them to do to you" • five relationships, each with its norms and duties: -ruler and minister -father and son -husband and wife -elder and younger brother -friend and friend • the ideal of "ren." goodness,benevolence, humanity, human-heartedness • a later confucian thinker, men
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