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Lecture

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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World Religions- Lecture 1 Notes 06:37
What are we doing when we study religion? We seem to understand how people
create meaning for their lives. When were studying religion in this course we are
not discussing whether religion is true or false neither whether the origins of
certain religions are valid; rather we will be discussing how religion effects various
aspects of peoples lives. Also, we will examine the historical expression of religion.
In the quizzes it is not enough just to write one sentence defining the term. You
need to compare and contrast to another concept or do the 4-fold approach in order
to attain full marks.
MLA format or Chicago format of bibliography are best for this course in terms of
the assignment.
The class participation is 10% about 5% will be for doing the exercises in class
and the other 5% will be for participating in the discussions. He will post word
documents with study questions and you need to discuss it with your designated
group. Do it!
www.notesolution.com
World Religions- Lecture 2 Notes 06:37
The 10 Waves: (Chapter 1)
The problem with the 10 wave theory is that since it implies that religion evolves, it
in turn implies that the previous religions/traditions are less advanced and
sophisticated.
Why waves? Why not stages? Because, metaphorically, waves come and go but they
can always return; they flow in to each other; fluid.
10 waves is just a tool used in our textbook to have a ground zero to develop ideas
about religion on; not necessarily a rock solid theory.
Ancient Religion: (Chapter 2)
Polytheism- means cultures or traditions that have multiple gods/goddesses
involved. E.g. Greek mythology, Hinduism.
Myth- a narrative that tells a religions story (sacred history). Frames a religions
view of the word, organizes people in to groups, origin stories. Myth provides
interpretations of the world/universe that provide meaning for religious people.
Texts/literature- a more stable piece of evidence to determine what was happening
in ancient times.
The idea of textual information are not only written but can also be oral. E.g.
Islam Mohammad receives the message. The oral component in texts is always
there; silent reading is more of a modern tradition.
Death/Afterlife- in ancient traditions these key concepts are different from modern
view. Early Hebrews and Greeks portrayed the afterlife as a dark and grim place.
Caricature- a distortion; when one religion is talking about another religion. Can be
intentional or unintentional distortion.
Judaism: (Chapter 3)
What seems to be generic among religions is that human contact with god seems to
have happened in the past rather that being an eternal thing. God is aware of all
the events happening.
What is the East and West? Europeans used themselves as the reference point.
Why is Islam considered a western tradition? Historically, its connected to the
biblical traditions of Judaism and Christianity.
In Judaism, we have an idea of a sequence of revelations that are given to profits
over time. Also, the idea needs to be expressed in different ways to get the message
across over time. God is not redundant is Judaism , Islam and Christianity. There
are successive waves of revelation because over time humans may have lost the
lesson from these revelations and it needs to be reintroduced as a reminder.
In Judaism, there is no one founder of the religion, rather there is a sequence.
It can be defined as an ethnic designation; being a Jew that is; does not necessarily
have to imply being a devout Jew, but could mean being identified as a Jew for
having Jewish parents.
Devout Jews answer the call of god and strive to live out the Torah ( the
commandments of God).
www.notesolution.com
World Religions- Lecture 2 Notes 06:37
Torah- can have many meanings: the first five books of the Hebrew bible; the rest of
it altogether; the Hebrew bible and all the commentaries written on it; living
according to the Torah or living according to Gods commandments. When asked for
the definition of the Torah on the quiz, mention all possible meanings for the word.
In this religion it can be understood as Jews are seeking the will of God and trying
to understand it.
These stories are essential just for Judaism; also important for understanding the
backdrop of Christianity, Islam etc.
Islam agrees with the sequential timeline of the profits and their revelations but
they seem to have a different interpretation of those stories.
The key theme in the stories of the Jewish bible is the continuous interaction with
God and sequences of moments of success and failure and the moments of success
and failure are tied to moments of obedience and disobedience.
Monotheism- accurate to describe Judaism and Islam.
Judaism traces to the history of the idea of exclusive contract to one divinity and
rationalize this by saying that they worship this one God because all the others are
false.
In the Hebrew bible, God is not only referred in singular form but also in plural to
describe the angels and other heavenly beings that are part of Gods retinue.
The Hebrew bible is a written document; is made up of five main books; they are
complied and written down with accuracy by 200 BCE.
There is no clear concrete evidence of a person named Moses or Abraham; but that
does not invalidate them because people believe in their existence and their
accomplishments.
There are three components to the bible; the pentatuque(Torah) the five books; the
second component is that of the profits an attribution to the works of later profits of
the religion; the third component are the writings which are assorted variety of
writings but still remain sacred. Hence, Torah can mean all components of the bible
or the first five books.
Bible- Greek word for book; related to the notion of scripture which is the Latin
word for writings.
Quran- meaning: recitation.
The second component of the Hebrew bible are the stories of the Israelite kingdom
after Moses. Classified as short stories, hymns or poems.
The old testament-old compared (relative) to the new one and is a testimony of God.
Some sort of key arrangement or agreement or covenant (contract) with God.
Sacred History- as academics we call the stories etc. sacred.
In the ancient religion there are lots of cosmogonies which are stories of the creation
of the universe and the world. We see a variety in the Hebrew bible in the Genesis
portion. Where God creates order out of unformed matter of chaos and God creates
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Description
World Religions- Lecture 1 Notes 06:37 What are we doing when we study religion? We seem to understand how people create meaning for their lives. When were studying religion in this course we are not discussing whether religion is true or false neither whether the origins of certain religions are valid; rather we will be discussing how religion effects various aspects of peoples lives. Also, we will examine the historical expression of religion. In the quizzes it is not enough just to write one sentence defining the term. You need to compare and contrast to another concept or do the 4-fold approach in order to attain full marks. MLA format or Chicago format of bibliography are best for this course in terms of the assignment. The class participation is 10% about 5% will be for doing the exercises in class and the other 5% will be for participating in the discussions. He will post word documents with study questions and you need to discuss it with your designated group. Do it! www.notesolution.comWorld Religions- Lecture 2 Notes 06:37 The 10 Waves: (Chapter 1) The problem with the 10 wave theory is that since it implies that religion evolves, it in turn implies that the previous religionstraditions are less advanced and sophisticated. Why waves? Why not stages? Because, metaphorically, waves come and go but they can always return; they flow in to each other; fluid. 10 waves is just a tool used in our textbook to have a ground zero to develop ideas about religion on; not necessarily a rock solid theory. Ancient Religion: (Chapter 2) Polytheism- means cultures or traditions that have multiple godsgoddesses involved. E.g. Greek mythology, Hinduism. Myth- a narrative that tells a religions story (sacred history). Frames a religions view of the word, organizes people in to groups, origin stories. Myth provides interpretations of the worlduniverse that provide meaning for religious people. Textsliterature- a more stable piece of evidence to determine what was happening in ancient times. The idea of textual information are not only written but can also be oral. E.g. Islam Mohammad receives the message. The oral component in texts is always there; silent reading is more of a modern tradition. DeathAfterlife- in ancient traditions these key concepts are different from modern view. Early Hebrews and Greeks portrayed the afterlife as a dark and grim place. Caricature- a distortion; when one religion is talking about another religion. Can be intentional or unintentional distortion. Judaism: (Chapter 3) What seems to be generic among religions is that human contact with god seems to have happened in the past rather that being an eternal thing. God is aware of all the events happening. What is the East and West? Europeans used themselves as the reference point. Why is Islam considered a western tradition? Historically, its connected to the biblical traditions of Judaism and Christianity. In Judaism, we have an idea of a sequence of revelations that are given to profits over time. Also, the idea needs to be expressed in different ways to get the message across over time. God is not redundant is Judaism , Islam and Christianity. There are successive waves of revelation because over time humans may have lost the lesson from these revelations and it needs to be reintroduced as a reminder. In Judaism, there is no one founder of the religion, rather there is a sequence. It can be defined as an ethnic designation; being a Jew that is; does not necessarily have to imply being a devout Jew, but could mean being identified as a Jew for having Jewish parents. Devout Jews answer the call of god and strive to live out the Torah ( the commandments of God). www.notesolution.com
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