Class Notes (809,279)
Canada (493,607)
Sociology (2,416)
SOCA01H3 (591)

Class & Stratification.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Ivanka Knezevic

November 15 , 2012 Class and Stratification “What’s in a name?” -Social inequality: inequality in the distribution of societal values (wealth, power & prestige), caused by any ascribed or achieved characteristics -Includes gender, ethnic, racial, etc. inequality and socioeconomic (class/status) inequality -Socio-economic inequality is a relatively stable pattern (hierarchy) of socially sanctioned, economic inequality -Inequality exists in all known societies, socio-economic inequality exists in nearly all known societies (hunting/gathering societies: gender and age inequality, but no economic inequality) Two theoretical approaches to socio-economic inequality -Socio-economic inequality can be described and analyzed in 2 ways 1. Distributional: the hierarchical arrangement of individuals based upon wealth, power, and prestige  Socio-economic status (SES) is an individual’s position in this hierarchy  SES indicators: property, income, education, occupation, occupational prestige, political participation, political power, consumption patterns, etc  Stratum is a category of people with similar amount os wealth, power, and prestige  Assumed value consensus, therefore exceptionality of conflict 2. Relational: socio-economic inequality is a relationship between classes, groups who differ in their access to means of production  Differences and/or antagonism in class interests  Normality of class conflict  Question: are there classes in Canada? Emergence & maintenance of socio-economic inequality -Emergence of inequality may be due to chance and to apparently insignificant differences between individuals/groups -Once inequality emerges, the privileged develop a system of social control (socialization and coercion) to maintain it -Some societies resist establishment of inequality (eg the 20 C Kung; the 18 C Iroquois) Class as a like and death issue: passengers saved from the Titanic disaster st nd rd  Majority of women children from 1 /2 class saved, 3 class percentages of those saved quite low (idea women & children more vulnerable, must be saved)  Class matters Meritocracy and social mobility -Meritocracy: social system wherein status is achieved by merit (ability and effort) -It assumes equality of opportunity and perfect social mobility -Vertical social mobility is a movement of individuals to different positions in social hierarchy (or: to different classes) -Intergenerational and intragenerational mobility -Upward and downward mobility -Canadian middle class has been experiencing significant downward mobility
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.