Class Notes (837,448)
Canada (510,273)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture

The Social Aspects of Aging.docx

3 Pages
79 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Ivanka Knezevic
Semester
Fall

Description
The Social Aspects of Aging Demographic transition  First demographic transition: change from low and stable population of pre-industrial socities (high fertility. High mortality) to growing population of industrial societies (slowly declining fertility, fast declining mortality)  Modernisation theory of development: industrialisation fosters labour force participation and rationalism which foster decline in fertility  Cultural lag: cultural norms maintain high fertility  Second demographic transition: change from growing population of industrial societies to high and stable (later: declining) population of post-industrial societies (low fertility, low mortality). Population change in Canada- Fertility  Demographic change is the result of fertility mortality and net migration. Declining fertility is the most important cause of population ageing  Fertility declined from 7 births per woman in the 1850s to under 2 by the 1980s  Replacement fertility is the average number of children needed to replace one generation by the next (2.1 children per woman).  Proximate causes: fewer long term relationships and marriages, older age at marriage, more divorces, cohabitation, and use of birth control  Cultural causes: changes in the value and cost of children in both economic and cultural terms.  Structural causes: changing role of men and woman in their work and social life  Population change in Canada mortality  In 1831, life expectancy at birth was 39 years.  In 2007, it was 81 years  Largely due to improved nutrition and control of infectious diseases, which lowered infant mortality rates  Now most deaths are due to degenerative conditions occurring at an even older age. Population change in Canada-immigration  Immigration accounted for 45% of Canadian population growth in the 1990s  Immigrants contribute to the population reproduction not only by net migration, but also by
More Less

Related notes for SOCA02H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit