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Sociology (2,430)
SOCA02H3 (398)


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Ivanka Knezevic

Sociology Families  Governments generally encourage hetrosexual marriage and childbearing because they procivde citizens, taxpayers, voters, consumers, and workers.  Census family: heterosexual or homo sexual coulpe with or without biological or adopted children, or a sole parent with children  Nuclear and extended family  Baker: a modified extended family does not share dwelling, but shares resources.  Stark. 1974. All our kin: aid to families with dependent children makes presence of me, in conditions of unstable employment, irrational. Family is based on a network of female relatives who shares resources Traditional Nuclear family  The traditional nuclear family is composed of - A father provider - A mother home maker - At least one natural of adopted child  Parsons: economically efficient, because the man is normally the higest wage earner. It would be economically irrational of him to spend potential working time on unpaid house hold and child care Other types of families  Foraging societies: children belong to a tribe/clan ( not to individual parents); collective responsibility for children.  Married without children  Common law couples  Same sex marriages  Lone parent families  Astronaut/transnational families (e.g. Hong Kong and Vancouver) Families – a sociological definition  Family is a set of relationships people create to share resources daily, thus ensuring their own and their children’s welfare, and socially reproducing their society  Focus: family processes  Family processes: substantive relationships among members and their ability to satisfy the members’ biological, psychological, economic and social needs  Family structure: membership and formal relationships among members  Family-values ideology assumes primacy of family structure: only one family structure is adequate to raising of children Sociological theories of the family  The political economy (Marxist and neo Marxist) approach  Structuralist approach
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