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Lecture 3

Week 3 Lecture

4 Pages

Course Code
John Hannigan

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Last week: -family was predicted as breaking down -one of the casualties was families depicted of social disorganization in Chicago Ethnic/Racial Enclave -ethnic enclave shared same ethnicity, sexual orientation, lifestyles (artists/bohemian type) -in Concentric model, each area was a different ethnic group -ghetto – east Jewish settlement -Louis Wirth wrote about ghetto and enclave -natural area – German town, Chinatown, African-American settlement (Black Belt) -people immigrated and came to cities and didn’t disperse randomly but instead grouped/clumped together because of success, housing, language -those who have command of language are less likely to settle in ethnic enclaves -in case of Toronto, those who came with English as first language (UK, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, US) have found that they have much less need to settle together -language is really important – those who don’t have language, would settle with countrymen -if ethnic group is large, would provide social services: food, entertainment -so don’t have to learn English and manage to get by -if you want to join civil service, need to speak English or French -but within certain boundaries of expectations, it is possible to live in ethnic enclave and not learn language of the country -there are certain areas in Toronto where the older people did not know English (Chinese settlement, Broadview/Gerard) -housing – a lot of people came and lived in rooming houses but disappeared in cities because people moved into relatives’ because rent is manageable -advantages of ethnic enclave: not having barriers lacking language skills, housing, employment, consumer products (food), ethnic economies, religion, entertainment (music) -prior to more recent decades, in 1950s Italians were first big group to settle in Toronto in areas of Little Italy, they mostly work in construction because was era of tremendous suburban/commercial developments -getting job was relatively easy, signing them on to construction jobs even if their English is not good -good example is Las Vegas; up until recently, Las Vegas was described as fastest growing city in North America (city of steroids when it comes to buildings) not just because of casinos but also suburban housing sprawling out to communities creating problems of lack of schools -Las Vegas needed a large number of construction workers who were Hispanics, they were hired by sub-contractors or through connections of family networks -these Hispanic construction workers weren’t terribly well paid, not unionized, didn’t have benefits/pension/medical, were day-workers, but wives and girlfriends got jobs in casinos (hotels expanding) working as housekeepers in casino hotels and these jobs are unionized jobs that pay high wages and benefits -Latino women were making more money than men; women bringing home more money and are breadwinners -employment was one thing that ethnic group living in enclave can supply to you -not easy to come from somewhere that has food you like and land in Toronto that is different -breakfast in Holland – eat heavy bread and cheese; in Canada, eat pre-packed cereal -ethnic economies have those called ethnic entrepreneurs = somebody that looks around and imports food from elsewhere and selling to people who are used to eating them; those who are able to supply food that other people are unable to -these products are not just noodles, pasta, rice, but can also be services (e.g. music, movies, radio) -people like to hear things in their own language, so ethnic entrepreneurs arise by giving people media programming -the king of this is called Johnny Lombardi = was a classic ethnic entrepreneur, started off realizing that Italians that came to Toronto couldn’t get their food products, so started importing them, then started original ethnic radio station CHIN, then did concerts, have summer beauty contests on Toronto islands (Miss Bikini Chin, Mr. Chin) -was able to do this was to supply scarce resources (music, entertainment, food from where people immigrated from that were not readily available in Toronto) -in Little Italy, people miss seeing movies (Bollywood), so an enterprising guy who bought Gerard East and named it Renaz Theatre and showed Bollywood movies -this gave rise to Indian restaurants near the theatre, other things that grew: clothing boutiques -depended on things like language, extent to which cultures from other places were shared as a whole -was easier if you were Irish immigrant because easier to find Irish pubs, etc. -British didn’t have to connect with British culture except they really missed football/soccer -so entrepreneurs within that community would find ways of bringing UK football games and making them available in pubs -religion – a lot of people revolved around churches, mosques, temples, etc. -no matter what ethnic community you go in, religion was important role -religion that is directed within ethnic community itself, e.g. Italian Catholics are not able to atte
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