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Lecture 7

SOCA02- Lecture 7.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02- Lecture 7 - Elizabeth Noelle Neumann's "The Spiral of Silence"  voters are more likely to vote for parties they consider likely to win  this facilitates "monopolization" of politics by mainstream parties, increased likelihood of winning by incumbents (politicians already in office)  less popular parties and projects become increasingly marginal  this is a cultural theory of political outcomes, supplements the materialist (political economy) and institutionalist (state) theories of political outcomes - politics: process of making socially significant decisions that affect large groups of population - Ramos and Stanbridge- politics is process of managing conflict, including regulation of power of non-state actors - Max Weber on power- ability of a social actor to control behaviour of others despite their resistance - Max Weber on authority: power accepted as legit by people controlled by it; 3 forms:  traditional- justified by tradition  charismatic- "charisma" not a characteristic but a belief (ex. Hitler)  legal-rational - state: set of institutions that determine and apply laws and public policies, claims a monopoly on legit use of violence of a territory - bases on state power:  legitimacy among the population (ideological control)  monopoly on legit violence  acceptance by other powerful organizations - functions of the state:  coordination and organization including accumulation and protection of welfare of citizens; structural functionalism  social control, protection of interest of the ruling class- legitimization and coercion - nation states emerged with capitalism - civil society (not controlled by state): arena of uncoerced, voluntary collective action, distinct from the state, family, and market; boundaries between them are often blurred  separation between state and civil society, party politics and social movements, is often overstated - democracy: political system that represents interest of the entire population and is responsive to demands by the population - formal democracy: multi-party parliamentarism: free and fair elections, ability of elected representatives to influence political decisions - prorogration: discontinuation of a session of parliament, curtails even formal democracy - substantive democracy: multi-par
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