SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - World Health Organization, Rachel Carson, World Wide Fund For Nature

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Published on 13 Jun 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
TECHNOLOGY & GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
CH. 22
Massive population growth over past 100 years
-Industrialization
-Urbanization
Ecology: “The study of the interaction of living organisms and
the natural environment”
-Ecology first developed in Germany
Natural Environment: “The earth’s surface and atmosphere,
including living organisms, as well as the air, water, soil, and
other resources necessary to sustain life
Ecosystem: “A system composed of interactions of all living
organisms and their natural environments
-The Ecosystem is a whole- affects the whole planet
- The Ecosystem is the whole planet
*-All interrelated and interdependent
-“Eco” means house
Environmental Deficit: “ The long term negative
consequences to the natural environment caused by humanity’s
preoccupation with material affluence” (ex. pollution, acid rain)
TECHNOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT: 3 Stages of
Development:
1. We started as hunter gatherers
-bands of 20-25 people that had not impact on the
environment
2. Societies at intermediate stage of development
-Pori cultural societies (small scale farming)
-Pastoralism- taming animals ( horses, dogs, oxen, cats,
etc.)
-Agricultural Societies- use animal drawn plows
*- Slash and Burn- technique for clearing forests so you
can farm on it.
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3. Industrial Revolution
-Science & technology changes all this
-Urbanization
-Dams (for hydroelectric power)
* The globe is very resilient (can bounce back)
Donella Meadows
-“Limits of Growth” –book
1). Rate of population growth
2). Amount of arable land (land that can be used for farming)
3). Industrial & food production
4). Pollutants released
Protects to End of 21 st
century
1). Rapidly consuming non renewable resources
2). Hunger will persist. By 2052, famine
3). Depleted resources will cripple industrial growth
Cultural Values: Money & Comfort
* The biggest pollutant in recent years is Communism
Environmentalists are extremely pessimistic about humans
DDT- Kills mosquitoes- therefore stops Malaria
- It was banned though
Environmentalism- Claims to be able to predict the future
- “Modern day Cassandras” (Cassandra was a Greek
goddess who could predict the future)
-They have an apocalyptic vision (an end of the world)
-They believe that the ideology of growth if flawed (clean air,
waste etc. is finite- can be exhausted)
The best way to curb population growth is wealth. When
people are wealthy, they have less children (1.6 children)
Therefore, populations drop.
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Document Summary

22: massive population growth over past 100 years. The study of the interaction of living organisms and. Ecology first developed in germany: natural environment: The earth"s surface and atmosphere, including living organisms, as well as the air, water, soil, and other resources necessary to sustain life organisms and their natural environments. A system composed of interactions of all living: ecosystem: The ecosystem is a whole- affects the whole planet. Eco means house: environmental deficit: consequences to the natural environment caused by humanity"s preoccupation with material affluence (ex. pollution, acid rain) Bands of 20-25 people that had not impact on the environment: societies at intermediate stage of development. Pastoralism- taming animals ( horses, dogs, oxen, cats, etc. ) *- slash and burn- technique for clearing forests so you can farm on it: industrial revolution. * the globe is very resilient (can bounce back) Amount of arable land (land that can be used for farming)

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