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Lecture

lecture


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB42H3
Professor
Dan Silver

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Week SixOctober 19, 2010
Classic Sociological Theory I-SOCB42-Lecture 6
Marx
Biography
-Born in 1818
-In contrast to comte, Marx did not believe that science would build a new society of
order
-Did not believe that spiritual beliefs brought society together
-What we experience as our ideas is really a crisis as how we work in our labour life
-He thought the reason the French revolution was still in chaos was because of
capitalism
-Is responsible for huge social movements
-His parents came from Rabbis
-His parents were Jewish but his father was a child of the scientific enlightenment
-Marx and his family switched to Christianity
-Went on to study law in Germany
-Went to the university of Berlin so he could be where the action was
-There he fell into radical circles who followed a philosopher names Hegel
-At the time he was the most important philosopher in Germany
-He got married and moved to Paris
-He started spending all his time reading Adam Smith
-As he was doing that he met the key players in the radical scene at the time
-Marx met Engels who became his collaborator. He knew the ins and outs of how
factories really worked
-Through him Marx met many of the radicals and in that environment everybody
believed that there was going to be another revolution
-In 1845 Marx and the radicals were forced out to paris so they went to paris and joined
a group that was called the league of the just
-The communist league asked Marx and engels to write a book on the communist
manifesto
-In 1848 revolutions broke out across Europe. This was great fro marx and his friends.
They were going to do just what the new industrialized classes had done for the
aristocrats. They lost terribly and the movement was shattered
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-Marx moved to london and stayed there for the rest of his life and kept up his
revolutionary hope
Ideology
-Marx thought that his biggest contribution was his actions
-Starting from a famous author at the time Feurerbach, wrote a book the essence of
Christianity. He stated that god was a human projection
-Those ideals we have that we can never fully live up to like love, so we create a god to
show us what that would be like
-We live in a very threatening world where we create gods to make it seem like the
world is more tolerable to us
-But then we start thinking about what the gods think about us and are intimidated by
them
-Marx theses starts to push these ideas: the general key movement is within a major
shift is a shift from theology-anthropology.
-Traditionally if you want to think about religion youll think about theology
-So when youre doing theology your asking about the truth of god
-When you understand what god is you will then understand what human beings will do
-Conclusions about human beings are derived from conclusions about god
-Marx said you have to start from anthropology and then make your way to theology
-Understand what humans want and need and then find a version of god to complete
that
-Marx thinks that what you have to do is go from anthropology to sociology
-The sources of alienation in the end are not psychological but they are social and
caused by the world you live in and the work you do
-In certain kinds of worlds the way you work makes you feel separated from yourself
-If you understand the structures of society then you will understand what human
beings want and if you understand what they want you will then understand religion
-Idealism vs Materialism
-Thesis 11-interpreting the world vs changing the world
-If theology is the most important variable that drives the world, then if you understand
the teachings of the world you will see the way the world works. If you want to change
the world you should change the ideas. The way you change the ideas is by re
interpreting them. You have to reinterpret the religion. On a materialist situation.
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