Class Notes (808,383)
Canada (493,172)
Sociology (2,416)
SOCB22H3 (47)
Lecture 11

Lecture 11: Interlocking Systems, and Femininity

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Vanina Sztainbok

SOCB22 – Lecture 11 (March 25) Key Questions  What does a particular theoretical lens or concept allow us to see or explain?  What does it occlude (or make invisible)?  What kinds of questions does it lead you to ask?  Example: Violence as pathology o Causes you to ask certain questions, look for certain explanations for their violence. o Doesn’t look for connects to greater social structures. Interlocking Systems  What does the lens of interlocking systems allow us to make visible? What does it occlude? o Lets us see lots of things, but sometimes not everything is explained equally.  What does the concept of hegemonic femininity (or masculinity) allow us to explain? What does it not explain?  What questions does the lens of interlocking systems lead us to pose? Save the Last Dance - film  Interlocking Systems Approach o Need to think about how gender, race, and class intersect.  How is femininity portrayed here? o Damsel in distress. Needing to be saved by a man. o White woman: Soft, fragile, etc.  How is masculinity portrayed here?  How are these representations underpinned by ideas of hegemonic femininity and hegemonic masculinity?  How are they underpinned by ideas of black femininity and black masculinity? o Black Femininity: Strong, sexual, etc. o Black Masculinity Four Controlling Images (Stereotypes) of Black Femininity  Mammy o Older black women who take care of white children. o ―Aunt Jemima‖  Matriarch o Takes care of her own family. o Emasculating, takes over. o Outside of respectability because they are too strong.  Jezebel o From Bell Hooks o Very sexualized. o Outside of respectability because they are too sexualized.  Welfare Mother o The woman who is promiscuous, having children, doesn’t work, etc. Defining Femininity: White Femininity  ―This book is predicated on a recognition that to be white and female is to occupy a social category that is inescapably racialized as well as gendered. It is not about being a white woman, it is about being thought of as a white woman. In other words I have concentrated on the development of ideas and ideologies of whiteness rather than analysing what it actually means to grow up white in a white supremacist society.‖ –Vron Ware Hegemonic Femininity  What does it mean to be able to be ―thought of‖ as a white (middle class, heterosexual, able-bodied) woman? o Always relational to something else. o Fear of black male sexuality. Myth of the black rapist.  How is the idea of respectable femininity underpinned by whiteness?  ―Hegemonic femininity defined as white, able-bodied, middle and upper class, heterosexual and helpers to men in building the nation, deeply informs the construct of the universal girl often characterized as the fairer sex, dependent of patriarchy without agency or subjectivity‖ –Batacharya o One legacy of our colonial settler society is the construction of a hegemonic femininity defined as white, middle class, able bodied, heterosexual and desirable (thin, fair, good girls etc). This is counterpoised to racially subordinated women who are constructed as deviant and a threat to heterosexual alliances in respectable, dominant white society. o Girl violence is a narrative that simultaneously depends on a racialized good/bad girl dichotomy and the erasure of racial and other difference among girls and women. o Racial violence is endemic to racist societies. Racist violence must be addressed historically and systemically and not limited to a determination of the motives of individuals.  Legacy of colonial, settler context o How is this construct visible today?  Good girl – Bad girl dichotomy  Takes our focus away from other underpinning issues.  Example: Hierarchies of power.  How does it police women?  ―Mothers of the Nation‖  From Patricia Hill Collins  Who is the desirable woman to reproduce?  Policies help frame this.  Other examples?  How is hegemonic femininity relevant to thinking about the ways the public takes up the following young women? o Kelly Ellard o Pamela George  ―Pamela George obviously lived a lifestyle far removed, probably from yours and mine…The fact that she was a prostitute obviously is a fact, and you have to consider that as part of the case….‖  ―bearing in mind that she indeed was a prostitute, then the Crown has not made out its case with respect to first-degree murder occurring during a sexual assault, and you must find the accused not guilty of first-degree murder but guilty of second- degree murder.‖  The focus was more on the impact the murder would have on the boy’s lives.  It was seen that as a prostitute she should expect a certain amount of violence.  Because she was Indigenous, she wasn’t seen as ―as innocent‖, and/or not as res
More Less

Related notes for SOCB22H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.