Lecture #10

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Women's and Gender Studies
Caleigh Cruickshank

Lecture 10: Sporting Gender Women as sports media authors and subjects  We generally think of sports as a male interest  Women have always been physically active but have excluded from organized sports since a decade ago  Women’s bodies are too fragile for sports their bodies would become to masculine and it would distract you from other responsibilities at home.  It was in 1900 hundred Paris games that included women and that included tennis and golf.  Over time more women’s event have been added every year  Currently the there are two Olympic games that don’t include women skiing games in the winter games and boxing games in the summer.  Some people believed that women would not be able to complete meaningfully in the early days of the Olympics  Even though they have been competing for a 100 years and men since the beginning they are catching up.  Women are now participating in sports more then ever.  They’re still underrepresented, why?  Mary Wollstonecraft:  Wollstonecraft was a feminist of the early 1800s that said that its very well and good to say men are more physically fit and athletic but if we are not giving women the same opportunity from a early age then how are we ever going to know? When women are represented how are they represented in sports :  Sports were designed by men and for boys.  It’s more comfortable to see women as feminine and to feminine for sports.  There’s still a tendency for an example to call women by their first name by commentators.  We still have a lot of anxiety about strong women and what that means for women.  Playing a long empowerment or exploitation: women keep the images the women media plays going.  These images suggest empowerment and the way the media is trying to portray them.  Women portrayed in heterosexual images that emphasize their sexuality, and domestic lives.  This takes light away from non-heterosexual women in sports and makes lesbian women in sports invisible.  Sport is very gendered in this culture.  The view of boys on women is being delayed during their childhood Films:  Women are still underrepresented in sports and when they are represented its stereotypical representation.  If we equate masculinity with strength and power and feminity to motherhood and the domestic sphere then we have a problem when talking about female athletes.  As soon as you have one gender trying to reach out of their categories into another then it becomes hard to keep masculinity and feminity in a box.  What we decide is highly masculine or feminine in sport is socially constructed.  These aren’t empowering images and there not the kind of images that get young women to say yes I can look like that if I becom
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