Linguistics-Lecture 5-Morphology and Phonology Feb 5 2009

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23 Aug 2010
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February 5, 2009
Morphology and Phonology
Morphemes
x Smallest meaningful unit in language
x Sipp ed
x Care ful ly
x Shoe s
x Anti dis establish ment ari an ism
Morphology
x Study of word structure
x Study of morphemes -> not to be confused with syllables
x Is concerned with spoken, not written language
x Main Points:
o Words are made up of morphemes
o Allomorphs: variants of a morpheme
o ³3RVLWLRQ´
o Base and Affixes
Words and Morphemes
x Some words consist of several morphemes
x Anti dis establish ment ari an ism
x But others consist of only one morpheme
x Fire (= text, word, morpheme)
x Bread
x Water (why wat er?)
x «EHFDXVHLQWKLVZRUGQHLWKHUZDWQRUHULVPHDQLQJIXO
x «XQOLNHLQZKDW
x or in happi er
([SODLQ:K\«
x wrong:
x stu dent
x ass sis tant
x immig rant
x fris bee
x Right:
x Stud ent
x Presid ent
x Assist ant
x Account ant
x Im migr ant
x Frisbee (a single morpheme word)
Morphemes and Allomorphs
x Allomorph: variant of a morpheme
x Found in specific positions within the word
Example Migr
x Variants (allomorphs):
x /maygr/ as in migrate, migrant
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